Single-cycle nonlinear optics

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Nonlinear optics plays a central role in the advancement of optical science and laser-based technologies. We report on the confinement of the nonlinear interaction of light with matter to a single wave cycle and demonstrate its utility for time-resolved and strong-field science. The electric field of 3.3-femtosecond, 0.72-micron laser pulses with a controlled and measured waveform ionizes atoms near the crests of the central wave cycle, with ionization being virtually switched off outside this interval. Isolated sub-100-attosecond pulses of extreme ultraviolet light (photon energy {approx} 80 electron volts), containing {approx} 0.5 nanojoule of energy, emerge from the interaction with a ... continued below

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Quantenoptik, Max-Planck-Institut fur; Goulielmakis, E.; Schultze, M.; Hofstetter, M.; Yakovlev, V. S.; Gagnon, J. et al. November 5, 2008.

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Nonlinear optics plays a central role in the advancement of optical science and laser-based technologies. We report on the confinement of the nonlinear interaction of light with matter to a single wave cycle and demonstrate its utility for time-resolved and strong-field science. The electric field of 3.3-femtosecond, 0.72-micron laser pulses with a controlled and measured waveform ionizes atoms near the crests of the central wave cycle, with ionization being virtually switched off outside this interval. Isolated sub-100-attosecond pulses of extreme ultraviolet light (photon energy {approx} 80 electron volts), containing {approx} 0.5 nanojoule of energy, emerge from the interaction with a conversion efficiency of {approx} 10{sup -6}. These tools enable the study of the precision control of electron motion with light fields and electron-electron interactions with a resolution approaching the atomic unit of time ({approx} 24 attoseconds).

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  • Journal Name: Science; Journal Volume: 320; Journal Issue: 5883

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  • Report No.: LBNL-1203E
  • Grant Number: DE-AC02-05CH11231
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 942142
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc894519

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  • November 5, 2008

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  • Sept. 27, 2016, 1:39 a.m.

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  • Oct. 2, 2017, 5:37 p.m.

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Quantenoptik, Max-Planck-Institut fur; Goulielmakis, E.; Schultze, M.; Hofstetter, M.; Yakovlev, V. S.; Gagnon, J. et al. Single-cycle nonlinear optics, article, November 5, 2008; Berkeley, California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc894519/: accessed November 18, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.