Flat Field Anomalies in an X-ray CCD Camera Measured Using a Manson X-ray Source

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The Static X-ray Imager (SXI) is a diagnostic used at the National Ignition Facility (NIF) to measure the position of the X-rays produced by lasers hitting a gold foil target. The intensity distribution taken by the SXI camera during a NIF shot is used to determine how accurately NIF can aim laser beams. This is critical to proper NIF operation. Imagers are located at the top and the bottom of the NIF target chamber. The CCD chip is an X-ray sensitive silicon sensor, with a large format array (2k x 2k), 24 μm square pixels, and 15 μm thick. A ... continued below

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10E925-10E925-5

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Schneider, M. J. Haugh and M. B. October 31, 2008.

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The Static X-ray Imager (SXI) is a diagnostic used at the National Ignition Facility (NIF) to measure the position of the X-rays produced by lasers hitting a gold foil target. The intensity distribution taken by the SXI camera during a NIF shot is used to determine how accurately NIF can aim laser beams. This is critical to proper NIF operation. Imagers are located at the top and the bottom of the NIF target chamber. The CCD chip is an X-ray sensitive silicon sensor, with a large format array (2k x 2k), 24 μm square pixels, and 15 μm thick. A multi-anode Manson X-ray source, operating up to 10kV and 10W, was used to characterize and calibrate the imagers. The output beam is heavily filtered to narrow the spectral beam width, giving a typical resolution E/ΔE≈10. The X-ray beam intensity was measured using an absolute photodiode that has accuracy better than 1% up to the Si K edge and better than 5% at higher energies. The X-ray beam provides full CCD illumination and is flat, within ±1% maximum to minimum. The spectral efficiency was measured at 10 energy bands ranging from 930 eV to 8470 eV. We observed an energy dependent pixel sensitivity variation that showed continuous change over a large portion of the CCD. The maximum sensitivity variation occurred at 8470 eV. The geometric pattern did not change at lower energies, but the maximum contrast decreased and was not observable below 4 keV. We were also able to observe debris, damage, and surface defects on the CCD chip. The Manson source is a powerful tool for characterizing the imaging errors of an X-ray CCD imager. These errors are quite different from those found in a visible CCD imager.

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10E925-10E925-5

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  • Journal Name: Review of Scientific Instruments; Journal Volume: 79; Journal Issue: 10; Conference: 17th Topical Conference: High-Temperature Plasma Diagnostics; Albuquerque, New Mexico; May 11-15, 2008

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  • Report No.: DOE/NV/25946--455
  • Grant Number: DE-AC52-06NA25946
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2966457 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 942227
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc894260

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  • October 31, 2008

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  • Sept. 27, 2016, 1:39 a.m.

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  • Dec. 16, 2016, 12:37 p.m.

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Schneider, M. J. Haugh and M. B. Flat Field Anomalies in an X-ray CCD Camera Measured Using a Manson X-ray Source, article, October 31, 2008; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc894260/: accessed September 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.