In-situ Studies of the Martensitic Transformation in Ti Thin Films using the Dynamic Transmission Microscope (DTEM)

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The {alpha} to {beta} transition in pure Ti occurs mainly by a 'martensitic type' phase transformation. In such transformations, growth rates and interface velocities tend to be very large, on the order of 10{sup 3} m/s, making it difficult to observe the transformation experimentally. With thin films, it becomes even more difficult to observe, since the large surface augments the nucleation and transformation rates to levels that require nanosecond temporal resolution for experimental observations. The elucidation of the transformational mechanisms in these materials yearns for an apparatus that has both high spatial and temporal resolution. We have constructed such an ... continued below

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LaGrange, T B; Campbell, G H; Colvin, J D; King, W E; Browning, N D; Armstrong, M R et al. November 21, 2005.

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The {alpha} to {beta} transition in pure Ti occurs mainly by a 'martensitic type' phase transformation. In such transformations, growth rates and interface velocities tend to be very large, on the order of 10{sup 3} m/s, making it difficult to observe the transformation experimentally. With thin films, it becomes even more difficult to observe, since the large surface augments the nucleation and transformation rates to levels that require nanosecond temporal resolution for experimental observations. The elucidation of the transformational mechanisms in these materials yearns for an apparatus that has both high spatial and temporal resolution. We have constructed such an instrument at LLNL (the dynamical transmission electron microscope or DTEM) that combines pulsed lasers systems and optical pump-probe techniques with a conventional TEM. We have used the DTEM to observe the transient events of the {alpha}-{beta} transformation in nanocrystalline Ti films via single shot diffraction patterns with 1.5 ns resolution. With pulsed, nanosecond laser irradiation (pump laser), the films were heated at an extreme rate of 10{sup 10} K/s. was observed At 500 ns after the initial pump laser hit, the HCP, alpha phase was almost completely transformed to the BCC, beta phase. Post-mortem investigations of the laser treated films revealed that substantial grain growth occurred and lath microstructure, containing no apparent dislocations. The lack of dislocations may indicate that the {alpha} to {beta} transformation may also proceed by a 'massive' type mechanism (short range diffusion).

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PDF-file: 8 pages; size: 2.4 Mbytes

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  • Presented at: Materials Research Society Fall Meeting 2005, Boston, MA, United States, Nov 28 - Dec 02, 2005

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  • Report No.: UCRL-PROC-217255
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-48
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 928203
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc894110

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  • November 21, 2005

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  • Sept. 27, 2016, 1:39 a.m.

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  • Nov. 29, 2016, 2:53 p.m.

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LaGrange, T B; Campbell, G H; Colvin, J D; King, W E; Browning, N D; Armstrong, M R et al. In-situ Studies of the Martensitic Transformation in Ti Thin Films using the Dynamic Transmission Microscope (DTEM), article, November 21, 2005; Livermore, California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc894110/: accessed September 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.