AdS/CFT and Light-Front QCD

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The AdS/CFT correspondence between string theory in AdS space and conformal field theories in physical space-time leads to an analytic, semi-classical model for strongly-coupled QCD which has scale invariance and dimensional counting at short distances and color confinement at large distances. The AdS/CFT correspondence also provides insights into the inherently nonperturbative aspects of QCD such as the orbital and radial spectra of hadrons and the form of hadronic wavefunctions. In particular, we show that there is an exact correspondence between the fifth-dimensional coordinate of AdS space z and a specific impact variable {zeta} which measures the separation of the quark ... continued below

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38 pages

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Brodsky, Stanley J. & de Teramond, Guy F. February 4, 2008.

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The AdS/CFT correspondence between string theory in AdS space and conformal field theories in physical space-time leads to an analytic, semi-classical model for strongly-coupled QCD which has scale invariance and dimensional counting at short distances and color confinement at large distances. The AdS/CFT correspondence also provides insights into the inherently nonperturbative aspects of QCD such as the orbital and radial spectra of hadrons and the form of hadronic wavefunctions. In particular, we show that there is an exact correspondence between the fifth-dimensional coordinate of AdS space z and a specific impact variable {zeta} which measures the separation of the quark and gluonic constituents within the hadron in ordinary space-time. This connection leads to AdS/CFT predictions for the analytic form of the frame-independent light-front wavefunctions (LFWFs) of mesons and baryons, the fundamental entities which encode hadron properties. The LFWFs in turn predict decay constants and spin correlations, as well as dynamical quantities such as form factors, structure functions, generalized parton distributions, and exclusive scattering amplitudes. Relativistic light-front equations in ordinary space-time are found which reproduce the results obtained using the fifth-dimensional theory and have remarkable algebraic structures and integrability properties. As specific examples we describe the behavior of the pion form factor in the space and time-like regions and determine the Dirac nucleon form factors in the space-like region. An extension to nonzero quark mass is used to determine hadronic distribution amplitudes of all mesons, heavy and light. We compare our results with the moments of the distribution amplitudes which have recently been computed from lattice gauge theory.

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38 pages

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  • Invited talk at International School of Subnuclear Physics: 45th Course: Searching for the "Totally Unexpected" in the LHC Era, Erice, Sicily, Italy, 29 Aug - 7 Sep 2007

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  • Report No.: SLAC-PUB-13107
  • Grant Number: AC02-76SF00515
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 923307
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc893894

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Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

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  • February 4, 2008

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  • Sept. 27, 2016, 1:39 a.m.

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  • Nov. 22, 2016, 3:54 p.m.

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Brodsky, Stanley J. & de Teramond, Guy F. AdS/CFT and Light-Front QCD, article, February 4, 2008; [Menlo Park, California]. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc893894/: accessed October 22, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.