3D CFD Model of a Multi-Cell High Temperature Electrolysis Stack

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A three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics (CFD) electrochemical model has been created to model high-temperature electrolysis stack performance and steam electrolysis in the Idaho National Laboratory Integrated Lab Scale (ILS) experiment. The model is made of 60 planar cells stacked on top of each other operated as Solid Oxide Electrolysis Cells (SOEC). Details of the model geometry are specific to a stack that was fabricated by Ceramatec, Inc1. and tested at the Idaho National Laboratory. Inlet and outlet plenum flow and distribution are considered. Mass, momentum, energy, and species conservation and transport are provided via the core features of the commercial ... continued below

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Hawkes, G. L.; O'Brien, J. E. & Stoots, C. M. November 1, 2007.

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Description

A three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics (CFD) electrochemical model has been created to model high-temperature electrolysis stack performance and steam electrolysis in the Idaho National Laboratory Integrated Lab Scale (ILS) experiment. The model is made of 60 planar cells stacked on top of each other operated as Solid Oxide Electrolysis Cells (SOEC). Details of the model geometry are specific to a stack that was fabricated by Ceramatec, Inc1. and tested at the Idaho National Laboratory. Inlet and outlet plenum flow and distribution are considered. Mass, momentum, energy, and species conservation and transport are provided via the core features of the commercial CFD code FLUENT2. A solid-oxide fuel cell (SOFC) model adds the electrochemical reactions and loss mechanisms and computation of the electric field throughout the cell. The FLUENT SOFC userdefined subroutine was modified for this work to allow for operation in the SOEC mode. Model results provide detailed profiles of temperature, Nernst potential, operating potential, activation overpotential, anode-side gas composition, cathode-side gas composition, current density and hydrogen production over a range of stack operating conditions. Variations in flow distribution, and species concentration are discussed. End effects of flow and per-cell voltage are also considered.

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  • American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE) Annual Meeting,Salt Lake City, Utah,11/04/2007,11/09/2007

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  • Report No.: INL/CON-07-12733
  • Grant Number: DE-AC07-99ID-13727
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 923509
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc893491

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  • November 1, 2007

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Sept. 27, 2016, 1:39 a.m.

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  • Nov. 7, 2016, 3:52 p.m.

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Hawkes, G. L.; O'Brien, J. E. & Stoots, C. M. 3D CFD Model of a Multi-Cell High Temperature Electrolysis Stack, article, November 1, 2007; [Idaho Falls, Idaho]. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc893491/: accessed September 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.