Conversion of Parameters Among Variants of Scatchard's Neutral-Electrolyte Model for Electrolyte Mixtures that Have Different Numbers of Mixing Terms

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Various model equations are available for representing the excess Gibbs energy properties (osmotic and activity coefficients) of aqueous and other liquid mixed-electrolyte solutions. Scatchard's neutral-electrolyte model is among the simplest of these equations for ternary systems and contains terms that represent both symmetrical and asymmetric deviations from ideal mixing behavior when two single-electrolyte solutions are mixed in different proportions at constant ionic strengths. The usual form of this model allows from zero to six mixing parameters. In this report we present an analytical method for transforming the mixing parameters of neutral-electrolyte-type models with larger numbers of mixing parameters directly to ... continued below

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Rard, J. A. & Wijesinghe, A. M. February 12, 2008.

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Various model equations are available for representing the excess Gibbs energy properties (osmotic and activity coefficients) of aqueous and other liquid mixed-electrolyte solutions. Scatchard's neutral-electrolyte model is among the simplest of these equations for ternary systems and contains terms that represent both symmetrical and asymmetric deviations from ideal mixing behavior when two single-electrolyte solutions are mixed in different proportions at constant ionic strengths. The usual form of this model allows from zero to six mixing parameters. In this report we present an analytical method for transforming the mixing parameters of neutral-electrolyte-type models with larger numbers of mixing parameters directly to those of models with fewer mixing parameters, without recourse to the source data used for evaluation of the original model parameters. The equations for this parameter conversion are based on an extension to ternary systems of the methodology of Rard and Wijesinghe [J. Chem. Thermodyn. 35, 439-473 (2003)] and Wijesinghe and Rard [J. Chem. Thermodyn. 37, 1196-1218 (2005)] that was applied by them to binary systems. It was found that the use of this approach with a constant ionic-strength cutoff of I {le} 6.2 mol {center_dot} kg{sup -1} (the NaCl solubility limit) yielded parameters for the NaCl + SrCl{sub 2} + H{sub 2}O and NaCl + MgCl{sub 2} + H{sub 2}O systems that predicted osmotic coefficients {phi} in excellent agreement with those calculated using the same sets of parameters whose values were evaluated directly from the source data by least-squares, with root mean square differences of RMSE({phi}) = 0.00006 to 0.00062 for the first system and RMSE({phi}) = 0.00014 to 0.00042 for the second. If, however, the directly evaluated parameters were based on experimental data where the ionic strength cutoff varied with the ionic-strength fraction, i.e. because they were constrained by isopiestic ionic strengths (MgCl{sub 2} + MgSO{sub 4} + H{sub 2}O) or solubility/oversaturation ionic strengths (NaCl + SrCl{sub 2} + H{sub 2}O and NaCl + MgCl{sub 2} + H{sub 2}O), then parameters converted by this approach assuming a constant ionic-strength cutoff yield RMSE({phi}) differences about an order of magnitude larger than the previous case. This indicates that for an accurate conversion of model parameters when the source model is constrained with variable ionic strength cutoffs, an extension of the parameter conversion method described herein will be required. However, when the source model parameters are evaluated at a constant ionic strength cutoff, such as when source isopiestic data are constrained to ionic strengths at or below the solubility limit of the less soluble component, or are Emf measurements that are commonly made at constant ionic strengths, then our method yields accurate converted models.

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PDF-file: 57 pages; size: 2.9 Mbytes

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  • Journal Name: Journal of Solution Chemistry, vol. 37, no. 8, June 6, 2008, pp. 1149-1185; Journal Volume: 37; Journal Issue: 8

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  • Report No.: LLNL-JRNL-401374
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-48
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 944362
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc893487

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  • February 12, 2008

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  • Sept. 27, 2016, 1:39 a.m.

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  • Dec. 5, 2016, 1:15 p.m.

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Rard, J. A. & Wijesinghe, A. M. Conversion of Parameters Among Variants of Scatchard's Neutral-Electrolyte Model for Electrolyte Mixtures that Have Different Numbers of Mixing Terms, article, February 12, 2008; Livermore, California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc893487/: accessed June 22, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.