A method for quick assessment of CO2 storage capacity in closedand semi-closed saline formations

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Saline aquifers of high permeability bounded by overlying/underlying seals may be surrounded laterally by low-permeability zones, possibly caused by natural heterogeneity and/or faulting. Carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) injection into and storage in such 'closed' systems with impervious seals, or 'semi-closed' systems with nonideal (low-permeability) seals, is different from that in 'open' systems, from which the displaced brine can easily escape laterally. In closed or semi-closed systems, the pressure buildup caused by continuous industrial-scale CO{sub 2} injection may have a limiting effect on CO{sub 2} storage capacity, because geomechanical damage caused by overpressure needs to be avoided. In this research, a ... continued below

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Zhou, Q.; Birkholzer, J.; Tsang, C.F. & Rutqvist, J. February 10, 2008.

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Saline aquifers of high permeability bounded by overlying/underlying seals may be surrounded laterally by low-permeability zones, possibly caused by natural heterogeneity and/or faulting. Carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) injection into and storage in such 'closed' systems with impervious seals, or 'semi-closed' systems with nonideal (low-permeability) seals, is different from that in 'open' systems, from which the displaced brine can easily escape laterally. In closed or semi-closed systems, the pressure buildup caused by continuous industrial-scale CO{sub 2} injection may have a limiting effect on CO{sub 2} storage capacity, because geomechanical damage caused by overpressure needs to be avoided. In this research, a simple analytical method was developed for the quick assessment of the CO{sub 2} storage capacity in such closed and semi-closed systems. This quick-assessment method is based on the fact that native brine (of an equivalent volume) displaced by the cumulative injected CO{sub 2} occupies additional pore volume within the storage formation and the seals, provided by pore and brine compressibility in response to pressure buildup. With nonideal seals, brine may also leak through the seals into overlying/underlying formations. The quick-assessment method calculates these brine displacement contributions in response to an estimated average pressure buildup in the storage reservoir. The CO{sub 2} storage capacity and the transient domain-averaged pressure buildup estimated through the quick-assessment method were compared with the 'true' values obtained using detailed numerical simulations of CO{sub 2} and brine transport in a two-dimensional radial system. The good agreement indicates that the proposed method can produce reasonable approximations for storage-formation-seal systems of various geometric and hydrogeological properties.

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  • Journal Name: International Journal of Greenhouse GasControl; Journal Volume: 0; Journal Issue: 0; Related Information: Journal Publication Date: 2008

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  • Report No.: LBNL--63820
  • Grant Number: DE-AC02-05CH11231
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 932805
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc893385

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  • February 10, 2008

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  • Sept. 27, 2016, 1:39 a.m.

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  • Sept. 29, 2016, 3:11 p.m.

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Zhou, Q.; Birkholzer, J.; Tsang, C.F. & Rutqvist, J. A method for quick assessment of CO2 storage capacity in closedand semi-closed saline formations, article, February 10, 2008; Berkeley, California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc893385/: accessed September 20, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.