A general scaling relation for the critical current density inNb3Sn

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We review the scaling relations for the critical currentdensity (Jc) in Nb3Sn wires and include recent findings on the variationof the upper critical field (Hc2) with temperature (T) and A15composition. Measurements of Hc2(T) in inevitably inhomogeneous wires, aswell as analysis of literature results, have shown that all availableHc2(T) data can be accurately described by a single relation from themicroscopic theory. This relation also holds for inhomogeneity averaged,effective, Hc2*(T) results and can be approximated by Hc2(t)=Hc2(0) =1-t1.52, with t = T=Tc.Knowing Hc2*(T) implies that also Jc(T) is known.We highlight deficiencies in the Summers/Ekin relations, which are notable to account for the ... continued below

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Godeke, A.; Haken, B. ten; Kate, H.H.J. ten & Larbalestier, D.C. May 8, 2006.

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We review the scaling relations for the critical currentdensity (Jc) in Nb3Sn wires and include recent findings on the variationof the upper critical field (Hc2) with temperature (T) and A15composition. Measurements of Hc2(T) in inevitably inhomogeneous wires, aswell as analysis of literature results, have shown that all availableHc2(T) data can be accurately described by a single relation from themicroscopic theory. This relation also holds for inhomogeneity averaged,effective, Hc2*(T) results and can be approximated by Hc2(t)=Hc2(0) =1-t1.52, with t = T=Tc.Knowing Hc2*(T) implies that also Jc(T) is known.We highlight deficiencies in the Summers/Ekin relations, which are notable to account for the correct Jc(T) dependence. Available Jc(H) resultsindicate that the magnetic field dependence for all wires from mu0H = 1 Tup to about 80 percent of the maximum Hc2 can be described with Kramer'sflux shear model, if non-linearities in Kramer plots when approaching themaximum Hc2 are attributed to A15 inhomogeneities. The strain (e)dependence is introduced through a temperature and strain dependentHc2*(T,e) and Ginzburg-Landau parameter kappa1(T,e) and a straindependent critical temperature Tc(e). This is more consistent than theusual Ekin unification of strain and temperature dependence, which usestwo separate and different dependencies on Hc2*(T) and Hc2*(e). Using acorrect temperature dependence and accounting for the A15 inhomogeneitiesleads to the remarkable simple relation Jc(H,T,e)=(C/mu0H)s(e)(1-t1.52)(1-t2)h0.5(1-h)2, where C is a constant, s(e)represents the normalized strain dependence of Hc2*(0) andh =H/Hc2*(T,e). Finally, a new relation for s(e) is proposed, which is anasymmetric version of our earlier deviatoric strain model and based onthe first, second and third strain invariants. The new scaling relationsolves a number of much debated issues withrespect to Jc scaling in Nb3Snand is therefore of importance to the applied community, who use scalingrelations to analyze magnet performance from wire results.

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  • Journal Name: Superconductor, Science and Technology; Journal Volume: 19; Related Information: Journal Publication Date: 2006

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  • Report No.: LBNL--60142
  • Grant Number: DE-AC02-05CH11231
  • DOI: 10.1088/0953-2048/19/10/R02 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 923445
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc893274

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  • May 8, 2006

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  • Sept. 27, 2016, 1:39 a.m.

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  • Sept. 29, 2016, 2:46 p.m.

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Godeke, A.; Haken, B. ten; Kate, H.H.J. ten & Larbalestier, D.C. A general scaling relation for the critical current density inNb3Sn, article, May 8, 2006; Berkeley, California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc893274/: accessed August 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.