Initiation and Persistence of Preferential Flow in Fractured Rocks

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To better understand preferential flow in fractured rock, we carried out an in situ field experiment in the underground Exploratory Studies Facility in the fractured Topopah Spring tuff at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. Ponded water (with a {approx}0.04 m head) was released onto a 3 x 4 m{sup 2} infiltration plot (divided into 12 square subplots) over a period of {approx}800 days. As water was released, spatial and temporal variability in infiltration rates was continuously monitored. In addition, changes in moisture content were monitored along horizontal boreholes located in the formation {approx} 19-22 m below. This experiment revealed peculiar infiltration patterns. ... continued below

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Salve, R.; Ghezzehei, T.A. & Jones, R. August 31, 2006.

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Description

To better understand preferential flow in fractured rock, we carried out an in situ field experiment in the underground Exploratory Studies Facility in the fractured Topopah Spring tuff at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. Ponded water (with a {approx}0.04 m head) was released onto a 3 x 4 m{sup 2} infiltration plot (divided into 12 square subplots) over a period of {approx}800 days. As water was released, spatial and temporal variability in infiltration rates was continuously monitored. In addition, changes in moisture content were monitored along horizontal boreholes located in the formation {approx} 19-22 m below. This experiment revealed peculiar infiltration patterns. In particular, we observed that in some of the subplots, the infiltration rate abruptly increased a few weeks into the infiltration tests before gradually decreasing, while in others a relatively low infiltration rate persisted for the duration of the experiment. Distinct flow zones, varying in flow velocity, wetted cross-sectional area, and extent of lateral movement, intercepted the monitoring boreholes. There was also evidence of water being diverted above the ceiling of a cavity in the immediate vicinity of the monitoring boreholes. Observations from this field experiment suggest that isolated conduits, each encompassing a large number of fractures, develop within the fractured rock formation to form preferential flow paths that persist if there is a continuous supply of water. An overriding conclusion is that field investigations at spatial scales of tens of meters provide data critical to the fundamental understanding of preferential flow in fractured rock.

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  • Report No.: NA
  • Grant Number: NA
  • DOI: 10.2172/899268 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 899268
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc891303

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  • August 31, 2006

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Sept. 22, 2016, 2:13 a.m.

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  • Dec. 5, 2016, 9:21 p.m.

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Salve, R.; Ghezzehei, T.A. & Jones, R. Initiation and Persistence of Preferential Flow in Fractured Rocks, report, August 31, 2006; Las Vegas, Nevada. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc891303/: accessed October 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.