Systematic Technical Innovations Initiative Brine Disposal in the Northeast Page: 3 of 269
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The purpose of this study was to develop a systematic methodology to evaluate geologic
formations for brine disposal by injection (New York Sate was chosen as a representative
example). Currently, brine disposal is the most significant barrier to developing salt cavern
storage in areas remote to ocean disposal. Potential injection formations have been identified,
with emphasis on defining potential reservoirs that could accept brine, along with delineation of
salt bodies that could be developed into cavern storage facilities.
Salt caverns are ideal for natural gas storage because of high deliverability rates and short
cycle times. New York has salt in the Silurian Salina Group, which is thick enough and deep
enough in the south central portion of the state to make caverns that meet industry standards.
Currently within the state there are two operational salt cavern storage facilities and several
others in various stages of completion. The greatest obstacle to completion of many of these salt
caverns is disposal of the brine created during cavern development. This study was conducted to
systematically analyze potential formations for their ability to accept brine within the area where
the salt is thick enough and deep enough for cavern development.
Analysis of potential brine disposal reservoirs was first limited to sandstones and
carbonates that have acceptable reservoir characteristics. Once potential reservoirs had been
identified, more detailed reservoir characterization studies were conducted on each reservoir.
The most promising prospects are the Ordovician Queenston Sandstone, the Ordovician Black
River Group hydrothermal dolomite reservoirs and dolomites in the Cambro-Ordovician
Beekmantown. Cores from collections of the New York State Museum were used to complete
geologic studies and material properties testing and the resulting data was then linked to
geophysical wire line log data. The identified injection reservoirs are presented in the context of
the regional geology.
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Smith, Langhorne; Lugert, Courtney; Bauer, Stephen; Ehgartner, Brian & Nyahay, Richard. Systematic Technical Innovations Initiative Brine Disposal in the Northeast, report, September 30, 2004; New York. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc890843/m1/3/: accessed February 15, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.