Advanced technology development program for lithium-ion batteries : thermal abuse performance of 18650 Li-ion cells. Page: 3 of 139
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Printed March 2004
Advanced Technology Development Program
for Lithium-Ion Batteries:
Thermal Abuse Performance of 18650 Li-Ion Cells
E. Peter Roth, Chris C. Crafts, and Daniel H. Doughty
Lithium Research and Development Department
Sandia National Laboratories
P.O. Box 5800
Albuquerque, NM 87185-0613
Energy Science and Technology Department
Brookhaven National Lab
Upton, NY 11973-5000
Li-ion cells are being developed for high-power applications in hybrid electric vehicles currently
being designed for the FreedomCAR (Freedom Cooperative Automotive Research) program.
These cells offer superior performance in terms of power and energy density over current cell
chemistries. Cells using this chemistry are the basis of battery systems for both gasoline and fuel
cell based hybrids. However, the safety of these cells needs to be understood and improved for
eventual widespread commercial application in hybrid electric vehicles. The thermal behavior of
commercial and prototype cells has been measured under varying conditions of cell composition,
age and state-of-charge (SOC). The thermal runaway behavior of full cells has been measured
along with the thermal properties of the cell components. We have also measured gas generation
and gas composition over the temperature range corresponding to the thermal runaway regime.
These studies have allowed characterization of cell thermal abuse tolerance and an understanding
of the mechanisms that result in cell thermal runaway.
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Crafts, Chris C.; Doughty, Daniel Harvey; McBreen, James. (Bookhaven National Lab, Upton, NY) & Roth, Emanuel Peter. Advanced technology development program for lithium-ion batteries : thermal abuse performance of 18650 Li-ion cells., report, March 1, 2004; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc890822/m1/3/: accessed January 18, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.