Impact of Fuel Interchangeability on dynamic Instabilities in Gas Turbine Engines

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Modern, low NOx emitting gas turbines typically utilize lean pre-mixed (LPM) combustion as a means of achieving target emissions goals. As stable combustion in LPM systems is somewhat intolerant to changes in operating conditions, precise engine tuning on a prescribed range of fuel properties is commonly performed to avoid dynamic instabilities. This has raised concerns regarding the use of imported liquefied natural gas (LNG) and natural gas liquids (NGL’s) to offset a reduction in the domestic natural gas supply, which when introduced into the pipeline could alter the fuel BTU content and subsequently exacerbate problems such as combustion instabilities. The ... continued below

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Ferguson, D.H.; Straub, D.L.; Richards, G.A. & Robey, E.H. March 1, 2007.

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Description

Modern, low NOx emitting gas turbines typically utilize lean pre-mixed (LPM) combustion as a means of achieving target emissions goals. As stable combustion in LPM systems is somewhat intolerant to changes in operating conditions, precise engine tuning on a prescribed range of fuel properties is commonly performed to avoid dynamic instabilities. This has raised concerns regarding the use of imported liquefied natural gas (LNG) and natural gas liquids (NGL’s) to offset a reduction in the domestic natural gas supply, which when introduced into the pipeline could alter the fuel BTU content and subsequently exacerbate problems such as combustion instabilities. The intent of this study is to investigate the sensitivity of dynamically unstable test rigs to changes in fuel composition and heat content. Fuel Wobbe number was controlled by blending methane and natural gas with various amounts of ethane, propane and nitrogen. Changes in combustion instabilities were observed, in both atmospheric and pressurized test rigs, for fuels containing high concentrations of propane (> 62% by vol). However, pressure oscillations measured while operating on typical “LNG like” fuels did not appear to deviate significantly from natural gas and methane flame responses. Mechanisms thought to produce changes in the dynamic response are discussed.

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Publisher - in Proceedings of the 5th U.S. National Combustion Meeting, WSS/CI, Mar. 2007, paper # E10, 11 pp.

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  • 5th U.S. National Combustion Meeting, San Diego, CA, Mar. 25-28, 2007

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  • Report No.: DOE/NETL-IR-2007-102
  • Grant Number: None cited
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 913267
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc890628

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  • March 1, 2007

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  • Sept. 22, 2016, 2:13 a.m.

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  • Nov. 4, 2016, 2:03 p.m.

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Ferguson, D.H.; Straub, D.L.; Richards, G.A. & Robey, E.H. Impact of Fuel Interchangeability on dynamic Instabilities in Gas Turbine Engines, article, March 1, 2007; (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc890628/: accessed August 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.