Investigation of contaminant sources at Navarre, Kansas.

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The results of the 2006 investigation of contaminant sources at Navarre, Kansas, clearly demonstrate the following: {sm_bullet} Sources of carbon tetrachloride contamination were found on the Navarre Co-op property. These sources are the locations of the highest concentrations of carbon tetrachloride found in soil and groundwater at Navarre. The ongoing groundwater contamination at Navarre originates from these sources. {sm_bullet} The sources on the Co-op property are in locations where the Commodity Credit Corporation of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (CCC/USDA) never conducted grain storage operations. {sm_bullet} No definitive sources of carbon tetrachloride were identified on the portion of the current ... continued below

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LaFreniere, L. M. & Division, Environmental Science November 5, 2007.

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Description

The results of the 2006 investigation of contaminant sources at Navarre, Kansas, clearly demonstrate the following: {sm_bullet} Sources of carbon tetrachloride contamination were found on the Navarre Co-op property. These sources are the locations of the highest concentrations of carbon tetrachloride found in soil and groundwater at Navarre. The ongoing groundwater contamination at Navarre originates from these sources. {sm_bullet} The sources on the Co-op property are in locations where the Commodity Credit Corporation of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (CCC/USDA) never conducted grain storage operations. {sm_bullet} No definitive sources of carbon tetrachloride were identified on the portion of the current Co-op property formerly used by the CCC/USDA. {sm_bullet} The source areas on the Co-op property are consistent with the locations of the most intense Co-op operations, both historically and at present. The Co-op historically stored carbon tetrachloride for retail sale and used it as a grain fumigant in these locations. {sm_bullet} The distribution patterns of other contaminants (tetrachloroethene and nitrate) originating from sources on the Co-op property mimic the carbon tetrachloride plume. These other contaminants are not associated with CCC/USDA operations. {sm_bullet} The distribution of carbon tetrachloride at the Co-op source areas, particularly the absence of contamination in soils at depths less than 20 ft below ground level, is consistent with vertical migration into the subsurface through a conduit (well Co-op 2), with subsequent lateral migration through the subsurface. {sm_bullet} The groundwater flow direction, which is toward the west-northwest, is not consistent with migration of carbon tetrachloride in groundwater from the former CCC/USDA property to the source areas on the Co-op property. {sm_bullet} The absence of soil and groundwater contamination along surface drainage pathways on the former CCC/USDA property is not consistent with migration of carbon tetrachloride in surface water runoff from the former CCC/USDA property to the source areas on the Co-op property. {sm_bullet} The contamination detected in soil and groundwater samples collected along the northern boundary of the former CCC/USDA facility can be attributed to migration from the Co-op sources or to operations of the Co-op on the property after CCC/USDA operations ended. {sm_bullet} The southern boundary of the Co-op property has expanded over time, so that the Co-op has operated for a lengthy period in all areas previously leased by the CCC/USDA (Figure S.1). The Co-op began expanding onto the former CCC/USDA property in 1969 and has operated on that property longer than the CCC/USDA did. The use of carbon tetrachloride as a grain fumigant was standard industry practice until 1985, when the compound was banned by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. {sm_bullet} Petroleum-related contamination was detected on the southern part of the former CCC/USDA property. This contamination is associated with aboveground storage tanks that are owned and operated by the Co-op. The major findings of the 2006 investigations are summarized in greater detail below. The 2006 investigation was implemented by the Environmental Science Division of Argonne National Laboratory on behalf of the CCC/USDA.

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  • Report No.: ANL/EVS/AGEM/TR-07-04
  • Grant Number: DE-AC02-06CH11357
  • DOI: 10.2172/919347 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 919347
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc890509

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  • November 5, 2007

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Sept. 22, 2016, 2:13 a.m.

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  • Dec. 12, 2016, 7:41 p.m.

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LaFreniere, L. M. & Division, Environmental Science. Investigation of contaminant sources at Navarre, Kansas., report, November 5, 2007; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc890509/: accessed December 14, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.