Effects of buoyancy on the flowfields of lean premixed turbulentv-flames

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Open laboratory turbulent flames used for investigating fundament flame turbulence interactions are greatly affected by buoyancy. Though much of our current knowledge is based on observations made in these open flames, the effects of buoyancy are usually not included in data interpretation, numerical analysis or theories. This inconsistency remains an obstacle to merging experimental observations and theoretical predictions. To better understanding the effects of buoyancy, our research focuses on steady lean premixed flames propagating in fully developed turbulence. We hypothesize that the most significant role of buoyancy forces on these flames is to influence their flowfields through a coupling with ... continued below

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Cheng, R.K.; Bedat, B.; Yegian, D.T. & Greenberg, P. March 1, 2001.

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Open laboratory turbulent flames used for investigating fundament flame turbulence interactions are greatly affected by buoyancy. Though much of our current knowledge is based on observations made in these open flames, the effects of buoyancy are usually not included in data interpretation, numerical analysis or theories. This inconsistency remains an obstacle to merging experimental observations and theoretical predictions. To better understanding the effects of buoyancy, our research focuses on steady lean premixed flames propagating in fully developed turbulence. We hypothesize that the most significant role of buoyancy forces on these flames is to influence their flowfields through a coupling with mean and fluctuating pressure fields. Changes in flow pattern alter the mean aerodynamic stretch and in turn affect turbulence fluctuation intensities both upstream and downstream of the flame zone. Consequently, flame stabilization, reaction rates, and turbulent flame processes are all affected. This coupling relates to the elliptical problem that emphasizes the importance of the upstream, wall and downstream boundary conditions in determining all aspects of flame propagation. Therefore, buoyancy has the same significance as other parameters such as flow configuration, flame geometry, means of flame stabilization, flame shape, enclosure size, mixture conditions, and flow conditions.

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  • 2nd Joint Meeting of the US Sections of theCombustion Institute, Oakland, CA, March25-27,2001

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  • Report No.: LBNL--43682
  • Grant Number: DE-AC02-05CH11231
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 917319
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc890376

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  • March 1, 2001

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  • Sept. 22, 2016, 2:13 a.m.

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  • Sept. 29, 2016, 2:28 p.m.

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Cheng, R.K.; Bedat, B.; Yegian, D.T. & Greenberg, P. Effects of buoyancy on the flowfields of lean premixed turbulentv-flames, article, March 1, 2001; Berkeley, California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc890376/: accessed September 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.