Evaluation of a Surface Treatment on the Performance of Stainless Steels for SOFC Interconnect Applications

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Pack cementation-like Cerium based surface treatments have been found to be effective in enhancing the oxidation resistance of ferritic steels (Crofer 22APU) for solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) applications. The application of either a CeN- or CeO2 based surface treatment results in a decrease in weight gain by a factor of three after 4000 hours exposure to air+3%H2O at 800oC. Similar oxide scales formed on treated and untreated surfaces, with a continuous Cr-Mn outer oxide layer and a continuous inner Cr2O3 layer formed on the surface. However, the thickness of the scales, and the amount of internal oxidation were significantly ... continued below

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Alman, D. E.; Holcomb, G. R.; Adler, T. A.; Wilson, R. W. & Jablonski, P. D. April 1, 2007.

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Pack cementation-like Cerium based surface treatments have been found to be effective in enhancing the oxidation resistance of ferritic steels (Crofer 22APU) for solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) applications. The application of either a CeN- or CeO2 based surface treatment results in a decrease in weight gain by a factor of three after 4000 hours exposure to air+3%H2O at 800oC. Similar oxide scales formed on treated and untreated surfaces, with a continuous Cr-Mn outer oxide layer and a continuous inner Cr2O3 layer formed on the surface. However, the thickness of the scales, and the amount of internal oxidation were significantly reduced with the treatment, leading to the decrease in oxidation rate. This presentation will detail the influence of the treatment on the electrical properties of the interconnect. Half-cell experiments (LSM cathode sandwiched between two steel interconnects) and full SOFC button cell experiments were run with treated and untreated interconnects. Preliminary results indicate the Ce treatment can improve SOFC performance.

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Not published - presentation only - slides attached

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  • International Conference on Metallurgical Coatings And Thin Films, ICMCTF 2007, San Diego, CA, Apr. 23-27, 2007; Related Information: Alternately titled "Influence of a Ce surface treatment on the behavior of ferritic stainless steel for SOFC interconnect applications"

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  • Report No.: DOE/NETL-IR-2007-126
  • Grant Number: None cited
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 916949
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc890332

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  • April 1, 2007

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  • Sept. 22, 2016, 2:13 a.m.

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  • Nov. 4, 2016, 1:51 p.m.

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Alman, D. E.; Holcomb, G. R.; Adler, T. A.; Wilson, R. W. & Jablonski, P. D. Evaluation of a Surface Treatment on the Performance of Stainless Steels for SOFC Interconnect Applications, article, April 1, 2007; Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc890332/: accessed August 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.