INTRACELLULAR CHEMICAL MEASUREMENTS:A GENERALIZED APPROACH WITH HIGH-SPATIAL RESOLUTION USING FUNCTIONALIZED NANOPARTICLES

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We are developing an alternative approach to optical probes that will ultimately allow us to measure chemical concentrations in microenvironments within cells and tissues. This approach is based on monitoring the surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) response of functionalized metal nanoparticles (50-100 nm in diameter). SERS allows for the sensitive detection of changes in the state of chemical groups attached to individual nanoparticles and small clusters. We present the development of a nanoscale pH meter. The pH response of these nanoprobes is tested in a cell-free medium, measuring the pH of the solution immediately surrounding the nanoparticles. We developed and used ... continued below

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PDF-file: 18 pages; size: 2.1 Mbytes

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Laurence, T March 5, 2007.

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We are developing an alternative approach to optical probes that will ultimately allow us to measure chemical concentrations in microenvironments within cells and tissues. This approach is based on monitoring the surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) response of functionalized metal nanoparticles (50-100 nm in diameter). SERS allows for the sensitive detection of changes in the state of chemical groups attached to individual nanoparticles and small clusters. We present the development of a nanoscale pH meter. The pH response of these nanoprobes is tested in a cell-free medium, measuring the pH of the solution immediately surrounding the nanoparticles. We developed and used SERS correlation spectroscopy and single particle/cluster SERS spectroscopy to characterize heterogeneities in the SERS signal, which result from the formation of small nanoparticle clusters. These heterogeneities have historically provided inconsistent response to pH, leading a poor sensitivity of {approx}1 pH unit. The response of the nanoscale pH meters is tested under a wide range of conditions to approach the complex environment encountered inside living cells and to optimize probe performance. We have also developed a rapid scanning technique to obtain pH information using confocal microscopic imaging. Together with the development of hollow gold nanoshells with collaborators, this project enables future cell-based studies of pH using SERS. This research will be continued as a collaboration with the Center for Biophotonics Science and Technology (CBST) at UC Davis Medical Center.

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PDF-file: 18 pages; size: 2.1 Mbytes

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  • Report No.: UCRL-TR-228796
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-48
  • DOI: 10.2172/902606 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 902606
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc890225

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  • March 5, 2007

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Sept. 22, 2016, 2:13 a.m.

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  • Dec. 7, 2016, 3:45 p.m.

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Laurence, T. INTRACELLULAR CHEMICAL MEASUREMENTS:A GENERALIZED APPROACH WITH HIGH-SPATIAL RESOLUTION USING FUNCTIONALIZED NANOPARTICLES, report, March 5, 2007; Livermore, California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc890225/: accessed August 20, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.