HyPEP-FY 07 Annual Report: A Hydrogen Production Plant Efficiency Calculation Program

One of 97 reports in the series: Fiscal Year 2007 available on this site.

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The Very High Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor (VHTR) coupled to the High Temperature Steam Electrolysis (HTSE) process is one of two reference integrated systems being investigated by the U.S. Department of Energy and Idaho National Laboratory for the production of hydrogen. In this concept the VHTR outlet temperature of 900 °C provides thermal energy and high efficiency electricity for the electrolysis of steam in the HTSE process. In the second reference system the Sulfur Iodine (SI) process is coupled to the VHTR to produce hydrogen thermochemically. In the HyPEP project we are investigating and characterizing these two reference systems with respect ... continued below

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Oh, Chang September 1, 2007.

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  • Main Title: HyPEP-FY 07 Annual Report: A Hydrogen Production Plant Efficiency Calculation Program
  • Series Title: Fiscal Year 2007

Description

The Very High Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor (VHTR) coupled to the High Temperature Steam Electrolysis (HTSE) process is one of two reference integrated systems being investigated by the U.S. Department of Energy and Idaho National Laboratory for the production of hydrogen. In this concept the VHTR outlet temperature of 900 °C provides thermal energy and high efficiency electricity for the electrolysis of steam in the HTSE process. In the second reference system the Sulfur Iodine (SI) process is coupled to the VHTR to produce hydrogen thermochemically. In the HyPEP project we are investigating and characterizing these two reference systems with respect to production, operability, and safety performance criteria. Under production, plant configuration and working fluids are being studied for their effect on efficiency. Under operability, control strategies are being developed with the goal of maintaining equipment within operating limits while meeting changes in demand. Safety studies are to investigate plant response for equipment failures. Specific objectives in FY07 were (1) to develop HyPEP Beta and verification and validation (V&V) plan, (2) to perform steady state system integration, (3) to perform parametric studies with various working fluids and power conversion unit (PCU) configurations, (4) the study of design options such as pressure, temperature, etc. (5) to develop a control strategy and (6) to perform transient analyses for plant upsets, control strategy, etc for hydrogen plant with PCU. This report describes the progress made in FY07 in each of the above areas. (1) The HyPEP code numeric scheme and Graphic User Interface have been tested and refined since the release of the alpha version a year ago. (2) The optimal size and design condition for the intermediate heat exchanger, one of the most important components for integration of the VHTR and HTSE plants, was estimated. (3) Efficiency calculations were performed for a variety of working fluids for this reference design. (4) Efficiency improvements over the reference VHTR/HTSE plant were investigated for an alternative design that directly couples a High Temperature Steam Rankin Cycle (HTRC) to the HTSE process. Integration of the VHTR with SI process plants was begun. (5) Plant control studies showed that inventory control in the VHTR plant and flow control in the HTSE plant is effective in maintaining hot-side temperatures near constant during load change. (6) Dynamic calculations showed that thermal transients arising in the chemical plant are strongly damped at the reactor resulting in a stable combined plant.

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  • Report No.: INL/EXT-07-13078
  • Grant Number: DE-AC07-99ID-13727
  • DOI: 10.2172/918188 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 918188
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc889979

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  • September 1, 2007

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Sept. 22, 2016, 2:13 a.m.

Description Last Updated

  • Nov. 7, 2016, 5:28 p.m.

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Oh, Chang. HyPEP-FY 07 Annual Report: A Hydrogen Production Plant Efficiency Calculation Program, report, September 1, 2007; [Idaho Falls, Idaho]. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc889979/: accessed August 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.