Final Technical Report for Grant # DE-FG02-06ER64169

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The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) program is funding this project to improve the methodology of ground-based remote sensing of the vertical distribution of aerosol and cloud optical properties, and their effect on atmospheric radiative transfer. Remotely-sensed and in situ observed aerosol, cloud physical, and optical properties collected during the May 2003 Aerosol Intensive Operational Period (AIOP) and the Aerosol Lidar Validation Experiment (ALIVE), conducted from September 11-22, 2005, are the basis for the investigation. We have used ground-based lidar, airborne sunphotometer and in situ measurements and other data to evaluate the vertical profile of aerosol properties. We have been pursuing ... continued below

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Dr. Beat Schmid, PI Dr. Hong Guan, Co-I July 13, 2007.

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Description

The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) program is funding this project to improve the methodology of ground-based remote sensing of the vertical distribution of aerosol and cloud optical properties, and their effect on atmospheric radiative transfer. Remotely-sensed and in situ observed aerosol, cloud physical, and optical properties collected during the May 2003 Aerosol Intensive Operational Period (AIOP) and the Aerosol Lidar Validation Experiment (ALIVE), conducted from September 11-22, 2005, are the basis for the investigation. We have used ground-based lidar, airborne sunphotometer and in situ measurements and other data to evaluate the vertical profile of aerosol properties. We have been pursuing research in the following three areas: (1) Aerosol Best Estimate Product--Sensitivity Study: ARM is developing an Aerosol Best Estimate (ABE) Value Added Product (VAP) to provide aerosol optical properties at all times and heights above its sites. The ABE is used as input for the Broadband Heating Rate Profile (BBHRP) VAP, whose output will be used to evaluate the radiative treatment of aerosols and clouds in climate models. ARM has a need to assess how much detail is required for the ABE and if a useful ABE can be derived for the tropical and arctic climate research facilities (CRFs) where only limited aerosol information in the vertical is available. We have been determining the sensitivity of BBHRP to the vertical profile of aerosol optical properties used in ABE. (2) Vertically Resolved Aerosol and Cloud Radiative Properties over the Southern Great Plains (SGP): The AIOP delivered an unprecedented airborne radiometric and in situ data set related to aerosols and clouds. The Center for Interdisciplinary Remotely-Piloted Aircraft Studies (CIRPAS's) Twin Otter aircraft carried solar pointing, up- and down-looking radiometers (spectral and broadband, visible, and infrared) with the uplooking radiometers mounted on a stabilized platform. We are performing an integrated analysis of the largely unexploited radiometric data set to provide observation-based quantification of the effect of aerosols and clouds on the radiation field. We will link aerosol and cloud properties measured in situ with the observed radiative fluxes using radiative transfer models. This over-determined dataset will provide validation of the BBHRP VAP. (3) Integrated Analysis of Data from the Aerosol Lidar Validation Experiment: The ABE VAP relies on continuous lidar observations to provide the vertical distribution of the aerosols above the ARM sites. The goal of ALIVE, conducted in September 2005, was the validation of the aerosol extinction profiles obtained from the SGP Raman lidar, which has been recently refurbished/updated, and the Micro Pulse Lidar, for which a new algorithm to retrieve aerosol profiles has recently been developed, using the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Ames Airborne Tracking 14 channel Sun photometer. We are performing and publishing the integrated analysis of the ALIVE data set.

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  • Report No.: NONE
  • Grant Number: FG02-06ER64169
  • DOI: 10.2172/909984 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 909984
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc889134

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  • July 13, 2007

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  • Sept. 22, 2016, 2:13 a.m.

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  • Nov. 4, 2016, 6:23 p.m.

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Dr. Beat Schmid, PI Dr. Hong Guan, Co-I. Final Technical Report for Grant # DE-FG02-06ER64169, report, July 13, 2007; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc889134/: accessed August 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.