Quantifying the Digital Divide: A Scientific Overview of Network Connectivity and Grid Infrastructure in South Asian Countries

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The future of Computing in High Energy Physics (HEP) applications depends on both the Network and Grid infrastructure. South Asian countries such as India and Pakistan are making significant progress by building clusters as well as improving their network infrastructure However to facilitate the use of these resources, they need to manage the issues of network connectivity to be among the leading participants in Computing for HEP experiments. In this paper we classify the connectivity for academic and research institutions of South Asia. The quantitative measurements are carried out using the PingER methodology; an approach that induces minimal ICMP traffic ... continued below

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11 pages

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Khan, Shahryar Muhammad; /SLAC /NUST, Rawalpindi; Cottrell, R.Les; /SLAC; Kalim, Umar; Ali, Arshad et al. October 30, 2007.

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The future of Computing in High Energy Physics (HEP) applications depends on both the Network and Grid infrastructure. South Asian countries such as India and Pakistan are making significant progress by building clusters as well as improving their network infrastructure However to facilitate the use of these resources, they need to manage the issues of network connectivity to be among the leading participants in Computing for HEP experiments. In this paper we classify the connectivity for academic and research institutions of South Asia. The quantitative measurements are carried out using the PingER methodology; an approach that induces minimal ICMP traffic to gather active end-to-end network statistics. The PingER project has been measuring the Internet performance for the last decade. Currently the measurement infrastructure comprises of over 700 hosts in more than 130 countries which collectively represents approximately 99% of the world's Internet-connected population. Thus, we are well positioned to characterize the world's connectivity. Here we present the current state of the National Research and Educational Networks (NRENs) and Grid Infrastructure in the South Asian countries and identify the areas of concern. We also present comparisons between South Asia and other developing as well as developed regions. We show that there is a strong correlation between the Network performance and several Human Development indices.

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11 pages

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  • Journal Name: Submitted to Computing in High Energy Physics, 2007; Conference: Presented at International Conference on Computing in High Energy and Nuclear Physics (CHEP 07), Victoria, BC, Canada, 2-7 Sep 2007

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  • Report No.: SLAC-PUB-12851
  • Grant Number: AC02-76SF00515
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 918963
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc888740

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

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Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) is the Department of Energy (DOE) office that collects, preserves, and disseminates DOE-sponsored research and development (R&D) results that are the outcomes of R&D projects or other funded activities at DOE labs and facilities nationwide and grantees at universities and other institutions.

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  • October 30, 2007

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  • Sept. 22, 2016, 2:13 a.m.

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  • Nov. 30, 2016, 7:09 p.m.

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Khan, Shahryar Muhammad; /SLAC /NUST, Rawalpindi; Cottrell, R.Les; /SLAC; Kalim, Umar; Ali, Arshad et al. Quantifying the Digital Divide: A Scientific Overview of Network Connectivity and Grid Infrastructure in South Asian Countries, article, October 30, 2007; [Menlo Park, California]. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc888740/: accessed October 17, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.