Characterization of Niobium Oxide Films Deposited by High Target Utilization Sputter Sources

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High quality, refractory metal, oxide coatings are required in a variety of applications such as laser optics, micro-electronic insulating layers, nano-device structures, electro-optic multilayers, sensors and corrosion barriers. A common oxide deposition technique is reactive sputtering because the kinetic mechanism vaporizes almost any solid material in vacuum. Also, the sputtered molecules have higher energies than those generated from thermal evaporation, and so the condensates are smoother and denser than those from thermally-evaporated films. In the typical sputtering system, target erosion is a factor that drives machine availability. In some situations such as nano-layered capacitors, where the device's performance characteristics depends ... continued below

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Chow, R; Ellis, A D; Loomis, G E & Rana, S I January 29, 2007.

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High quality, refractory metal, oxide coatings are required in a variety of applications such as laser optics, micro-electronic insulating layers, nano-device structures, electro-optic multilayers, sensors and corrosion barriers. A common oxide deposition technique is reactive sputtering because the kinetic mechanism vaporizes almost any solid material in vacuum. Also, the sputtered molecules have higher energies than those generated from thermal evaporation, and so the condensates are smoother and denser than those from thermally-evaporated films. In the typical sputtering system, target erosion is a factor that drives machine availability. In some situations such as nano-layered capacitors, where the device's performance characteristics depends on thick layers, target life becomes a limiting factor on the maximizing device functionality. The keen interest to increase target utilization in sputtering has been addressed in a variety of ways such as target geometry, rotating magnets, and/or shaped magnet arrays. Also, a recent sputtering system has been developed that generates a high density plasma, directs the plasma beam towards the target in a uniform fashion, and erodes the target in a uniform fashion. The purpose of this paper is to characterize and compare niobia films deposited by two types of high target utilization sputtering sources, a rotating magnetron and a high density plasma source. The oxide of interest in this study is niobia because of its high refractive index. The quality of the niobia films were characterized spectroscopically in optical transmission, ellipsometrically, and chemical stoichiometry with X-ray photo-electron spectroscopy. The refractive index, extinction coefficients, Cauchy constants were derived from the ellipsometric modeling. The mechanical properties of coating density and stress are also determined.

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PDF-file: 21 pages; size: 0.8 Mbytes

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  • Presented at: International Conference on Metallurgical Coatings and Thin Films (ICMCTF), San Diego, CA, United States, Apr 23 - Apr 27, 2007

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  • Report No.: UCRL-CONF-227700
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-48
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 908100
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc888632

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  • January 29, 2007

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  • Sept. 22, 2016, 2:13 a.m.

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  • Nov. 22, 2016, 10:15 p.m.

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Chow, R; Ellis, A D; Loomis, G E & Rana, S I. Characterization of Niobium Oxide Films Deposited by High Target Utilization Sputter Sources, article, January 29, 2007; Livermore, California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc888632/: accessed November 18, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.