Energy Doubling in D.C. Accelerators

PDF Version Also Available for Download.

Description

It is generally believed that charged particles cannot be accelerated from ground potential to ground potential unless they pass through a system which has associated iwth it a time varying magnetic field. D.C. electric fields must satisfy the equation {contour_integral} Eds = 0, while the time varying fields used in radio-frequency accelerators and betatrons are freed from this restriction of scalar potential theory. In 1932, AJ Dempster produced protons with an energy of 45 Kev, by passing them from an electrode at +22.5 kv dc to ground. The protons were first accelerated to ground potential, with an energy gain of ... continued below

Creation Information

Alvarez, Luis W. April 20, 1951.

Context

This report is part of the collection entitled: Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports and was provided by UNT Libraries Government Documents Department to Digital Library, a digital repository hosted by the UNT Libraries. More information about this report can be viewed below.

Who

People and organizations associated with either the creation of this report or its content.

Publisher

Provided By

UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Serving as both a federal and a state depository library, the UNT Libraries Government Documents Department maintains millions of items in a variety of formats. The department is a member of the FDLP Content Partnerships Program and an Affiliated Archive of the National Archives.

Contact Us

What

Descriptive information to help identify this report. Follow the links below to find similar items on the Digital Library.

Description

It is generally believed that charged particles cannot be accelerated from ground potential to ground potential unless they pass through a system which has associated iwth it a time varying magnetic field. D.C. electric fields must satisfy the equation {contour_integral} Eds = 0, while the time varying fields used in radio-frequency accelerators and betatrons are freed from this restriction of scalar potential theory. In 1932, AJ Dempster produced protons with an energy of 45 Kev, by passing them from an electrode at +22.5 kv dc to ground. The protons were first accelerated to ground potential, with an energy gain of 22.5 kev. A small fraction of the protons then picked up an electron from a residual gas molecule, and ''coasted'' to a second electrode at +22.5 kv. Then a small fraction of these neutral hydrogen atoms lost their electrons, and were accelerated to ground with a second gain in energy equal to 22.5 kev. An accelerator of this type is obviously impractical for several reasons. The probability of neutralizing a proton varies inversely with a high power of the particle velocity, so the scheme would not work at energies of interest to nuclear physicists. Even at the low energies where neutralization is not negligible, the energy spread of the beam would be wide because charge exchange could take place at all points along the beam trajectory.

Language

Item Type

Identifier

Unique identifying numbers for this report in the Digital Library or other systems.

  • Report No.: UCRL--1249
  • Grant Number: DE-AC02-05CH11231
  • DOI: 10.2172/915047 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 915047
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc888113

Collections

This report is part of the following collection of related materials.

Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) is the Department of Energy (DOE) office that collects, preserves, and disseminates DOE-sponsored research and development (R&D) results that are the outcomes of R&D projects or other funded activities at DOE labs and facilities nationwide and grantees at universities and other institutions.

What responsibilities do I have when using this report?

When

Dates and time periods associated with this report.

Creation Date

  • April 20, 1951

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Sept. 22, 2016, 2:13 a.m.

Description Last Updated

  • Nov. 3, 2016, 8:11 p.m.

Usage Statistics

When was this report last used?

Yesterday: 0
Past 30 days: 0
Total Uses: 1

Interact With This Report

Here are some suggestions for what to do next.

Start Reading

PDF Version Also Available for Download.

Citations, Rights, Re-Use

Alvarez, Luis W. Energy Doubling in D.C. Accelerators, report, April 20, 1951; Berkeley, California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc888113/: accessed December 10, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.