Geographically Based Hydrogen Consumer Demand and Infrastructure Analysis: Final Report Page: 19 of 35
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At a 5% penetration, "very high" areas would require up to 4,130 kg/day. At this level, it may still be
feasible to meet demand with forecourt stations. However, by the time penetration is 10% of the US fleet,
"very high" demand areas would require over 8250 kg/day. This may best be served through the use of
central production. To fully understand the tradeoffs between centralized and distributed hydrogen
production, analysis on a regional or local level would be necessary to select systems that meet the
specific demand patterns of a state or metropolitan area. This regional approach is discussed in the
The national analysis presents a broad look at the United States, suggesting where hydrogen vehicles will
first be accepted by consumers and where policies and initiatives may make the most difference in the
early transition. By identifying these primary areas, transitional hydrogen demand can be examined more
closely in the most promising regions.
The national results indicate areas that should be considered primary targets for hydrogen vehicle
introduction because the attributes of these areas show a high likelihood of hydrogen demand. These areas
include the following (in rank order):
21) New York-Northern NJ-Long Island
22) Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County
23) San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose
25) Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City
29) San Diego
30) Dallas-Fort Worth
33) Minneapolis-St. Paul
35) Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint
39) Providence-Fall River-Warwick
To better understand the market for hydrogen in these urban areas, the demand attributes can be examined
in more detail. The national analysis was performed using a 20-mile x 20-mile grid across the lower 48
states. More detailed urban analysis can be performed at the U.S. Census Bureau tract level for key
Internal dataset rankings were assigned using natural breaks into five categories. Attributes were weighted
against each other using the baseline scenario. The results for the Los Angeles Basin Urbanized Area are
shown in Figure 5. Results from several other areas are shown in Appendix C. The Los Angeles Basin
results indicate the majority of hydrogen vehicle demand will surround the heart of the city; thus that is
where infrastructure development efforts should be concentrated during the transition.
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Melendez, M. & Milbrandt, A. Geographically Based Hydrogen Consumer Demand and Infrastructure Analysis: Final Report, report, October 1, 2006; Golden, Colorado. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc887690/m1/19/: accessed April 23, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.