Recent Progress in the DEOX Process

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Recent Progress in the DEOX Process B.R. Westphal, K.J. Bateman, R.P. Lind, and D.L. Wahlquist Idaho National Laboratory: P.O. Box 1625, Idaho Falls, ID, 83415, and brian.westphal@inl.gov INTRODUCTION A head-end processing step is being developed for the treatment of spent oxide fuel by either aqueous or pyrochemical technologies. The head-end step, termed DEOX for its emphasis on decladding via oxidation, employs high temperatures to promote the oxidation of UO2 to U3O8 via an oxygen carrier gas. During oxidation, the spent fuel experiences a 30% increase in lattice structure volume resulting in the separation of fuel from cladding. An added benefit ... continued below

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Westphal, B.R.; Bateman, K.J.; Lind, R.P. & Wahlquist, D.L. June 1, 2006.

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Recent Progress in the DEOX Process B.R. Westphal, K.J. Bateman, R.P. Lind, and D.L. Wahlquist Idaho National Laboratory: P.O. Box 1625, Idaho Falls, ID, 83415, and brian.westphal@inl.gov INTRODUCTION A head-end processing step is being developed for the treatment of spent oxide fuel by either aqueous or pyrochemical technologies. The head-end step, termed DEOX for its emphasis on decladding via oxidation, employs high temperatures to promote the oxidation of UO2 to U3O8 via an oxygen carrier gas. During oxidation, the spent fuel experiences a 30% increase in lattice structure volume resulting in the separation of fuel from cladding. An added benefit of the head-end step is the removal of fission products, either via direct release from the broken fuel structure or via oxidation and volatilization by the high temperature process. The DEOX program at the Idaho National Laboratory has progressed from an initial exploratory phase, where the objective was the optimization of particle size and fuel-clad separation [1], to a phase more applicable to current flowsheet development, i.e. the removal and collection of targeted fission products [2]. The behavior of fission products has been investigated via testing with irradiated spent fuel to determine the effects of temperature, pressure, oxidative gas, and cladding on the removal efficiencies of targeted fission products. In addition, a preliminary design for the retention of fission products in an off-gas treatment system has been initiated as part of a collaborative effort with Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute through an International Nuclear Energy Research Initiative (I-NERI). RECENT PROGRESS Using a set low temperature oxidation cycle near 500oC, additional conditions have been applied to distinguish their effects on the removal of targeted fission products. Both oxygen and air have been utilized during the oxidation portion followed by vacuum conditions to temperatures as high as 1050oC. In addition, the effects of cladding on fission product removal have also been investigated with released fuel to temperatures greater than 500oC. Results from these experiments as well as those from on-going tests will be presented. Shown in Fig. 1 is the conceptual design for a vertical split tube furnace which includes four separately controlled heating zones. The lowest zone contains the spent oxide fuel while the upper three zones are for the collection of specific off-gassed fission products. The sealed inner assembly will have the ability to be remotely disassembled so that the trapping units with filter media can be individually analyzed. Design and fabrication efforts for this furnace are currently being performed. Fig. 1. DEOX Furnace with Off-Gas Treatment System Assembly. REFERENCES 1. B.R. WESTPHAL et al., Results of Phase I Testing for the DEOX Process, Trans. Am. Nucl. Soc., 91, pp. 519-20 (2004). 2. B.R. WESTPHAL, K.J. BATEMAN, R.P. LIND, K.L. HOWDEN, and G.D. DEL CUL, Fission Product Removal from Spent Oxide Fuel by Head-End Processing, Proc. Global 2005, AESJ, Tsukuba, Japan (2005).

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  • 2006 ANS Annual Meeting,Reno, NV,06/04/2006,06/08/2006

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  • Report No.: INL/CON-06-11539
  • Grant Number: DE-AC07-99ID-13727
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 911686
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc887557

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  • June 1, 2006

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  • Sept. 22, 2016, 2:13 a.m.

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Westphal, B.R.; Bateman, K.J.; Lind, R.P. & Wahlquist, D.L. Recent Progress in the DEOX Process, article, June 1, 2006; [Idaho Falls, Idaho]. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc887557/: accessed October 23, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.