Design and Preliminary Monte Carlo Calculations of an Active Compton Suppressed LaBr3(Ce) Detector System for TRU Assay in Remote-Handled Wastes

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Recent studies indicate LaBr3(Ce) scintillation detectors have desirable attributes, such as room temperature operability, which may make them viable alternatives as primary detectors (PD) in a Compton suppression spectrometer (CSS) used for remote-handled transuranic (RH-TRU) waste assay. A CSS with a LaBr3(Ce) PD has been designed and its expected performance evaluated using Monte Carlo analysis. The unique design of this unit minimizes the amount of "dead" material between the PD and the secondary guard detector. The analysis results indicate that this detector will have a relatively high Compton-suppression capability, with greater suppression ability for large angle-scattered photons in the PD. ... continued below

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Kulisek, J.; Hartwell, J. K.; McIlwain, M. E. & Gardner, R. P. September 1, 2006.

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Recent studies indicate LaBr3(Ce) scintillation detectors have desirable attributes, such as room temperature operability, which may make them viable alternatives as primary detectors (PD) in a Compton suppression spectrometer (CSS) used for remote-handled transuranic (RH-TRU) waste assay. A CSS with a LaBr3(Ce) PD has been designed and its expected performance evaluated using Monte Carlo analysis. The unique design of this unit minimizes the amount of "dead" material between the PD and the secondary guard detector. The analysis results indicate that this detector will have a relatively high Compton-suppression capability, with greater suppression ability for large angle-scattered photons in the PD. J. K. Hartwell1, M. E. McIlwain1, R. P. Gardner2, J. Kulisek3 1) Idaho National Laboratory, PO Box 1625, Idaho Falls, ID 83415-2114 USA 2) North Carolina State University, Dept of Nuclear Eng., PO Box 7909, Raleigh, NC 27695 USA 3) Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210 The US Department of Energy’s transuranic (TRU) waste inventory includes about 4,500 m3 of remote-handled TRU (RH-TRU) wastes. The RH-TRU waste stream is composed of a variety of containerized waste forms having a contact surface dose rate that exceeds 2 mSv/hr (200 mrem/hr) containing waste materials with a total TRU concentration greater than 3700 Bq/g (100 nCi/g). As part of a research project to investigate the use of active Compton-suppressed room-temperature gamma-ray detectors for direct non-destructive quantification of the TRU content of these RH-TRU wastes, we have designed and purchased a unique detector system using a LaBr3(Ce) primary detector and a NaI(Tl) suppression mantle. The expected detector performance has been modeled using MCNP-X [1] and CEARCPG [2], and incorporates certain design features modeled as important to active Compton suppression systems in previously-published work [3]. The unique detector system is sketched in Fig. 1. The ~25 mm diameter by 75 mm long LaBr3(Ce) primary detector is inserted in the 25.4 mm diameter well of a 175 mm by 175 mm NaI(Tl) secondary (suppression) detector and is viewed by a 38 mm diameter PMT. An important feature of this arrangement is the lack of any "can" between the primary and secondary detectors. These primary and secondary detectors are optically isolated by a thin layer of aluminized Mylar, but the hermetic seal and thus the aluminum can surrounds the outer bound of the detector system envelope. The hermetic seal at the primary detector PMT is at the PMT wall. This arrangement virtually eliminates the "dead" material between the primary and secondary detectors, a feature that modeling indicates will substantially improve the Compton suppression capability of this device. This detector arrangement has been carefully modeled using the MCNP-X and the CEARCPG Monte Carlo codes. The results of these design calculations are compared with each other and with preliminary laboratory measurements performed on a detector system procured to these specifications. References [1]John S. Hendricks, MCNPX version 2.5c, Report LA_UR_03-2202, 2003. [2]Xiogang Han, Robin P. Gardner, and W. A. Metwally, CEARCPG: A Monte Carlo Simulation Code for Normal and Coincidence Prompt Gamma-ray Neutron Activation Analysis (PGNAA), in press Nuclear Science and Engineering, American Nuclear Society. [3]Wade Scates, John K. Hartwell, Rahmat Aryaeinejad, and Michael E. McIlwain, Optimization studies

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  • Report No.: INL/CON-06-11176
  • Grant Number: DE-AC07-99ID-13727
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 911650
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc886657

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  • September 1, 2006

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  • Sept. 22, 2016, 2:13 a.m.

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Kulisek, J.; Hartwell, J. K.; McIlwain, M. E. & Gardner, R. P. Design and Preliminary Monte Carlo Calculations of an Active Compton Suppressed LaBr3(Ce) Detector System for TRU Assay in Remote-Handled Wastes, article, September 1, 2006; [Idaho Falls, Idaho]. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc886657/: accessed July 21, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.