Vapliq hydrothermal systems, and the vertical permeability of Los Azufres, Mexico, geothermal reservoir

PDF Version Also Available for Download.

Description

We identify a new category of natural hydrothermal systems intermediate between liquid- and vapor-dominated. This category is characterized by a “vapliq” vertical pressure profile, which is nearly vaporstatic in the shallower portion of the system, and nearly boiling-point-for-depth at depth. The prototype of these systems is the geothermal field of Los Azufres, Mexico. To explore the thermohydrological conditions conducent to this type of system, we propose a 1-D vertical scenario based on generally accepted conceptual models of liquid- and vapor-dominated geothermal reservoirs. We use the corresponding mass and thermal energy transport equations to establish that a necessary condition for the ... continued below

Physical Description

125-131

Creation Information

Iglesias, Eduardo R. & Arellano, Victor M. January 1, 1988.

Context

This article is part of the collection entitled: Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports and was provided by UNT Libraries Government Documents Department to Digital Library, a digital repository hosted by the UNT Libraries. More information about this article can be viewed below.

Who

People and organizations associated with either the creation of this article or its content.

Provided By

UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Serving as both a federal and a state depository library, the UNT Libraries Government Documents Department maintains millions of items in a variety of formats. The department is a member of the FDLP Content Partnerships Program and an Affiliated Archive of the National Archives.

Contact Us

What

Descriptive information to help identify this article. Follow the links below to find similar items on the Digital Library.

Description

We identify a new category of natural hydrothermal systems intermediate between liquid- and vapor-dominated. This category is characterized by a “vapliq” vertical pressure profile, which is nearly vaporstatic in the shallower portion of the system, and nearly boiling-point-for-depth at depth. The prototype of these systems is the geothermal field of Los Azufres, Mexico. To explore the thermohydrological conditions conducent to this type of system, we propose a 1-D vertical scenario based on generally accepted conceptual models of liquid- and vapor-dominated geothermal reservoirs. We use the corresponding mass and thermal energy transport equations to establish that a necessary condition for the existence of 2-phase hydrothermal systems is that the absolute value of the vertical thermal flux must exceed Q{sub min}, a parameter that depends only on the values of the pressure and of the thermal conductivity at the boiling point of the system. The values of Q{sub min} are typically 1-4 times the average terrestrial flux. We also find that geothermal systems in which convective heat transport is accomplished by the well-known heat-pipe mechanism can exist only if the corresponding heat flux exceeds Q{sub min} and the permeability at the boiling point of the system is smaller than k{sub Bmax}, a parameter that depends only on the values of the pressure and of the thermal conductivity at the boiling point. Typical values of k{sub Bmax} are 1-3 {times} 10{sup -18} m{sup 2}, suggesting a reason for the fact that all vapor-dominated systems are associated with very-low matrix permeability formations. Applying these insights, and the mass and heat transport equations to Los Azufres, we conclude that a contrast of 1-3 orders of magnitude exists between the vertical permeability at the boiling point and that corresponding to the vapor-dominated portion of the system. We propose that similar permeability contrasts may be responsible for the characteristic composite pressure observed in other vapliq systems.

Physical Description

125-131

Subjects

Source

  • Proceedings, thirteenth workshop on geothermal reservoir engineering, Stanford, CA, January 19-21, 1988

Language

Item Type

Identifier

Unique identifying numbers for this article in the Digital Library or other systems.

  • Report No.: SGP-TR-113-18
  • Grant Number: AS07-84ID12529
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 887171
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc886022

Collections

This article is part of the following collection of related materials.

Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

What responsibilities do I have when using this article?

When

Dates and time periods associated with this article.

Creation Date

  • January 1, 1988

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Sept. 21, 2016, 2:29 a.m.

Description Last Updated

  • Dec. 2, 2016, 6:08 p.m.

Usage Statistics

When was this article last used?

Congratulations! It looks like you are the first person to view this item online.

Interact With This Article

Here are some suggestions for what to do next.

Start Reading

PDF Version Also Available for Download.

Citations, Rights, Re-Use

Iglesias, Eduardo R. & Arellano, Victor M. Vapliq hydrothermal systems, and the vertical permeability of Los Azufres, Mexico, geothermal reservoir, article, January 1, 1988; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc886022/: accessed August 17, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.