Titanium metal: extraction to application

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In 1998, approximately 57,000 tons of titanium metal was consumed in the form of mill products (1). Only about 5% of the 4 million tons of titanium minerals consumed each year is used to produce titanium metal, with the remainder primarily used to produce titanium dioxide pigment. Titanium metal production is primarily based on the direct chlorination of rutile to produce titanium tetrachloride, which is then reduced to metal using the Kroll magnesium reduction process. The use of titanium is tied to its high strength-to-weight ratio and corrosion resistance. Aerospace is the largest application for titanium. In this paper, we ... continued below

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Gambogi, Joseph & Gerdemann, Stephen J. September 1, 2002.

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This article is part of the collection entitled: Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports and was provided by UNT Libraries Government Documents Department to Digital Library, a digital repository hosted by the UNT Libraries. It has been viewed 57 times , with 4 in the last month . More information about this article can be viewed below.

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Description

In 1998, approximately 57,000 tons of titanium metal was consumed in the form of mill products (1). Only about 5% of the 4 million tons of titanium minerals consumed each year is used to produce titanium metal, with the remainder primarily used to produce titanium dioxide pigment. Titanium metal production is primarily based on the direct chlorination of rutile to produce titanium tetrachloride, which is then reduced to metal using the Kroll magnesium reduction process. The use of titanium is tied to its high strength-to-weight ratio and corrosion resistance. Aerospace is the largest application for titanium. In this paper, we discuss all aspects of the titanium industry from ore deposits through extraction to present and future applications. The methods of both primary (mining of ore, extraction, and purification) and secondary (forming and machining) operations will be analyzed. The chemical and physical properties of titanium metal will be briefly examined. Present and future applications for titanium will be discussed. Finally, the economics of titanium metal production also are analyzed as well as the advantages and disadvantages of various alternative extraction methods.

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From publisher in proceedings entitled Review of Extraction, Processing, Properties, and Applications of Reactive Metals, ISBN: 0-87339-423-2 (A collection of papers from the 1999 TMS Annual Meeting held in San Diego, CA, Feb. 28-Mar. 4, 1999), TMS, Warrendale, PA, 2002, pp. 175-210

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  • 1999 TMS Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA, Feb. 28-Mar. 4, 1999

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  • Report No.: DOE/ARC-1999-060
  • Grant Number: None
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 900531
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc885962

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Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

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  • September 1, 2002

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  • Sept. 22, 2016, 2:13 a.m.

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  • Nov. 4, 2016, 2:12 p.m.

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Gambogi, Joseph & Gerdemann, Stephen J. Titanium metal: extraction to application, article, September 1, 2002; (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc885962/: accessed October 20, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.