Natural State Model of the Nesjavellir Geothermal Field, Iceland Metadata

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  • Main Title Natural State Model of the Nesjavellir Geothermal Field, Iceland


  • Author: Bodvarsson, G. S.
    Creator Type: Personal
  • Author: Pruess, K.
    Creator Type: Personal
  • Author: Stefansson, V.
    Creator Type: Personal
  • Author: Steingrimsson, B.
    Creator Type: Personal
  • Author: Bjornsson, S.
    Creator Type: Personal
  • Author: Gunnarsson, A.
    Creator Type: Personal
  • Author: Gunnlaugsson, E.
    Creator Type: Personal


  • Sponsor: United States. Department of Energy.
    Contributor Type: Organization


  • Name: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Earth Sciences Division.
    Place of Publication: Berkeley, California
    Additional Info: Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Earth Sciences Div., Berkeley, CA (United States)
  • Name: National Energy Authority of Iceland
    Place of Publication: Reykjavik, Iceland
  • Name: Reykjavik Municipal District Heating Service (Iceland)
    Place of Publication: Reykjavik, Iceland


  • Creation: 1986-01-21


  • English


  • Content Description: The Nesjavellir geothermal system in southern Iceland is very complex from both a thermal and hydrologic point of view. There are large pressure and temperature gradients in the wellfield and zones with drastically different pressure potentials. Thus, natural fluid flow is substantial in the system and flow patterns are complex. We have developed a two-dimensional natural state model for the Nesjavellir system that matches reasonably well the observed pressure and temperature distributions. The match with field data has allowed determination of the energy recharge to the system and the permeability distribution. Fluids recharge the system at rate of 0.02 kg/s/m with an enthalpy of 1460 kJ/kg. The permeability in the main reservoir is estimated to be in the range of 1.5 to 2.0 md, which agrees well with injection test results from individual wells. Permeabilities in shallower reservoirs are about an order of magnitude higher. Most of the main reservoir is under twephase conditions, as are shallow aquifers in the southern part of the field. The model results also suggest that the low temperatures in the shallow part of the northern region of the field may be due to the young age of the system; i.e., the system is gradually heating up. If this is the case the estimated age of the system near the wellfield is on the order of a few thousand years.
  • Physical Description: 109-115


  • Keyword: Temperature Gradients Geothermal Legacy
  • STI Subject Categories: 02 Petroleum
  • Keyword: Geothermal Fields
  • Keyword: Iceland
  • Keyword: Geothermal Legacy
  • Keyword: Fluid Flow
  • Keyword: Reservoir Engineering
  • Keyword: Heating
  • Keyword: Enthalpy
  • Keyword: Temperature Distribution
  • STI Subject Categories: 15 Geothermal Energy
  • Keyword: Geothermal Systems
  • Keyword: Permeability
  • Keyword: Distribution
  • Keyword: Aquifers


  • Conference: Proceedings, Eleventh Workshop Geothermal Reservoir Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California, January 21-23, 1986


  • Name: Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports
    Code: OSTI


  • Name: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
    Code: UNTGD

Resource Type

  • Article


  • Text


  • Report No.: SGP-TR-93-17
  • Grant Number: AS03-80SF11459
  • Grant Number: AS07-83ID12529
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 887106
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc885769