FY04 LDRD Final Report: Interaction of Viruses with Membranes and Soil Materials

One of 79 reports in the series: Fiscal Year 2004 available on this site.

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The influence of ionic strength on the electrostatic interaction of viruses with environmentally relevant surfaces was determined for three viruses, MS2, Q{beta} and Norwalk. The environmental surface is modeled as charged Gouy-Chapman plane with and without a finite atomistic region (patch) of opposite charge. The virus is modeled as a particle comprised of ionizable amino acid residues in a shell surrounding a spherical RNA core of negative charge, these charges being compensated for by a Coulomb screening due to intercalated ions. Surface potential calculations for each of the viruses show excellent agreement with electrophoretic mobility and zeta potential measurements as ... continued below

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12 p. (0.2 MB)

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Schaldach, C. M. February 8, 2005.

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  • Main Title: FY04 LDRD Final Report: Interaction of Viruses with Membranes and Soil Materials
  • Series Title: Fiscal Year 2004

Description

The influence of ionic strength on the electrostatic interaction of viruses with environmentally relevant surfaces was determined for three viruses, MS2, Q{beta} and Norwalk. The environmental surface is modeled as charged Gouy-Chapman plane with and without a finite atomistic region (patch) of opposite charge. The virus is modeled as a particle comprised of ionizable amino acid residues in a shell surrounding a spherical RNA core of negative charge, these charges being compensated for by a Coulomb screening due to intercalated ions. Surface potential calculations for each of the viruses show excellent agreement with electrophoretic mobility and zeta potential measurements as a function of pH. The results indicate that the electrostatic interaction between the virus and the planar surface, mitigated by the ionic strength of the solute, is dependent upon the spatial distribution of the amino acid residues in the different viruses. Specifically, the order of interaction energies with the patch (MS2 greatest at 5 mM; Norwalk greatest at 20 mM) is dependent upon the ionic strength of the fluid as a direct result of the viral coat amino acid distributions. We have developed an atomistic-scale method of calculation of the binding energy of viruses to surfaces including electrostatic, van der Waals, electron-overlap repulsion, surface charge polarization (images), and hydrophobic effects. The surface is treated as a Gouy-Chapman plane allowing inclusion of pH and ionic strength effects on the electrostatic potential at each amino acid charge. Van der Waals parameters are obtained from the DREIDING force field and from Hamaker constant measurements. We applied this method to the calculation of the Cowpea Mosaic Virus (CPMV), a negatively charged virus at a pH of 7.0, and find that the viral-gold surface interaction is very long range for both signs of surface potential, a result due to the electrostatic forces. For a negative (Au) surface potential of -0.05 volts, a nearly 4 eV barrier must be overcome to reach 1 nm from the surface.

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12 p. (0.2 MB)

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PDF-file: 12 pages; size: 0.2 Mbytes

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  • Report No.: UCRL-TR-209596
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-48
  • DOI: 10.2172/917500 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 917500
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc884782

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Creation Date

  • February 8, 2005

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Sept. 22, 2016, 2:13 a.m.

Description Last Updated

  • April 13, 2017, 3:59 p.m.

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Schaldach, C. M. FY04 LDRD Final Report: Interaction of Viruses with Membranes and Soil Materials, report, February 8, 2005; Livermore, California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc884782/: accessed June 19, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.