One Component Two Phase Flow in Horizontal and Vertical Ducts: Some Basic Considerations

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For a description and analysis of the flow they consider the conservation equations of the two phases separately, but in thermal and mechanical equilibrium, coupled by the itnerface shear forces (two fluid model, drift flux model). Coupling may be weak or strong, depending on Froude and Mach numbers of the flow. The fluid is highly compressible, not because the individual phases move at such speeds that their individual density changes are significant but because evapiration (phase change) results in large density changes of the system at moderate pressure or temperature changes once flashing occurs. The slip between the phases is ... continued below

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279-284

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Maeder, Paul F.; Dickinson, David A. & Nikitopoulos, Dimitris E. December 15, 1983.

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Description

For a description and analysis of the flow they consider the conservation equations of the two phases separately, but in thermal and mechanical equilibrium, coupled by the itnerface shear forces (two fluid model, drift flux model). Coupling may be weak or strong, depending on Froude and Mach numbers of the flow. The fluid is highly compressible, not because the individual phases move at such speeds that their individual density changes are significant but because evapiration (phase change) results in large density changes of the system at moderate pressure or temperature changes once flashing occurs. The slip between the phases is caused by unequal wall shear stress, acceleration of the fluid or gravitational forces and is hindered by the interface interaction. if they denote by {gamma} the ratio of the liquid density to the vapor density and by {sigma} the ratio of the vapor speed to the liquid speed they find that in horizontal flows {sigma} = {gamma}{sup 1/2} yields the maximum slip (neglecting acceleration effects) that can be reached with no interface force acting (assuming equal friction coefficients for both phases at the wall). If one investigates the conditions of thermodynamic flow similarity between different substances in two phase flow, one finds that the latent heat of vaporization is the principal controlling parameter. Thus, a 5 cm diameter test section in two phase R-114, at room temperature, corresponds to a 30 cm diameter duct in water-steam at boiling conditions at high temperatures such as encountered in geothermal and other power production systems.

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279-284

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  • Proceedings, Ninth Workshop Geothermal Reservoir Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford Calif., December 13-15, 1983

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  • Report No.: SGP-TR-74-36
  • Grant Number: AT03-80SF11459
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 889708
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc884530

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  • December 15, 1983

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  • Sept. 21, 2016, 2:29 a.m.

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  • Oct. 31, 2016, 7:03 p.m.

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Maeder, Paul F.; Dickinson, David A. & Nikitopoulos, Dimitris E. One Component Two Phase Flow in Horizontal and Vertical Ducts: Some Basic Considerations, article, December 15, 1983; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc884530/: accessed June 22, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.