Electrostatic Potentials and Fields in the Vicinity of Engineered Nanostructures

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We have developed a method of calculation of the electrostatic potentials and fields in the vicinity of geometrically complex engineered nanostructures comprised of varying materials in electrolytes of arbitrary pH and ionic strength. The method involves direct summation of charged Debye-Hueckel spheres comprising the nanostructural surfaces and, by including charge redistribution on the surface of conducting materials held at constant potential, is applicable to mixed boundary conditions. The method is validated by comparison to analytical solutions for an infinite plane (Gouy-Chapman), an infinite cylinder (Bessel functions) and an infinite plane which contains a hole and which is held at constant ... continued below

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Schaldach, C; Bourcier, W; Paul, P & Wilson, W March 15, 2004.

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We have developed a method of calculation of the electrostatic potentials and fields in the vicinity of geometrically complex engineered nanostructures comprised of varying materials in electrolytes of arbitrary pH and ionic strength. The method involves direct summation of charged Debye-Hueckel spheres comprising the nanostructural surfaces and, by including charge redistribution on the surface of conducting materials held at constant potential, is applicable to mixed boundary conditions. The method is validated by comparison to analytical solutions for an infinite plane (Gouy-Chapman), an infinite cylinder (Bessel functions) and an infinite plane which contains a hole and which is held at constant potential. Excellent agreement between the potentials obtained by our numerical method and the closed form solutions is found for these conditions. The method is applied to the calculation of the electric field enhancement in the vicinity of a nanomembrane whose pore wall is held at constant charge and whose membrane surfaces are held at constant potential. The electric field is found to be enhanced by the charge buildup in the rim of the hole of the nanomembrane, which redistribution results from the potential being held constant in the conducting region. Ion concentrations are also calculated; positive ion rejection is found to be enhanced by this charge buildup in the region of the rim when a constant positive potential is applied.

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PDF-file: 40 pages; size: 0.5 Mbytes

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  • Report No.: UCRL-TR-203010
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-48
  • DOI: 10.2172/892076 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 892076
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc883850

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

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  • March 15, 2004

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Sept. 21, 2016, 2:29 a.m.

Description Last Updated

  • Nov. 23, 2016, 6:05 p.m.

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Schaldach, C; Bourcier, W; Paul, P & Wilson, W. Electrostatic Potentials and Fields in the Vicinity of Engineered Nanostructures, report, March 15, 2004; Livermore, California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc883850/: accessed September 20, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.