Oxidation and sulfidation resistant alloys with silicon additions

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The Albany Research Center (ARC) has considerable experience in developing lean chromium, austenitic stainless steels with improved high temperature oxidation resistance. Using basic alloy design principles, a baseline composition of Fe-16Cr-16Ni-2Mn-1Mo alloys with Si and Al addition at a maximum of 5 weight percent was selected for potential application at temperatures above 700ºC for supercritical and ultra-supercritical power plant application. The alloys were fully austenitic. Cyclic oxidation tests in air for 1000 hours were carried out on alloys with Si only or combined Si and Al additions in the temperature range 700ºC to 800ºC. Oxidation resistances of alloys with Si ... continued below

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Dunning, John S.; Alman, David E.; Poston, J.A., Jr. (NETL) & Siriwardane, R. (NETL) January 1, 2003.

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The Albany Research Center (ARC) has considerable experience in developing lean chromium, austenitic stainless steels with improved high temperature oxidation resistance. Using basic alloy design principles, a baseline composition of Fe-16Cr-16Ni-2Mn-1Mo alloys with Si and Al addition at a maximum of 5 weight percent was selected for potential application at temperatures above 700ºC for supercritical and ultra-supercritical power plant application. The alloys were fully austenitic. Cyclic oxidation tests in air for 1000 hours were carried out on alloys with Si only or combined Si and Al additions in the temperature range 700ºC to 800ºC. Oxidation resistances of alloys with Si only additions were outstanding, particularly at 800ºC (i.e., these alloys possessed weight gains 4 times less than a standard type-304 alloy). In addition, Si alloys pre-oxidized at 800ºC, showed a zero weight gain in subsequent testing for 1000 hours at 700ºC. Similar improvements were observed for Si only alloy after H2S exposure at 700ºC compared with type 304 stainless steel. SEM and ESCA analysis of the oxide films and base material at the oxide/base metal interface were conducted to study potential rate controlling mechanisms at ARC. Depth profile analysis and element concentration profiles (argon ion etching/x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy) were conducted on oxidized specimens and base material at the National Energy Technology Laboratory.

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  • 17th Annual Conference on Fossil Energy Materials, Baltimore, MD, April 22-24, 2003

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  • Report No.: DOE/ARC-2003-013
  • Grant Number: None
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 899605
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc881567

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  • January 1, 2003

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  • Sept. 22, 2016, 2:13 a.m.

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  • Nov. 4, 2016, 2:10 p.m.

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Dunning, John S.; Alman, David E.; Poston, J.A., Jr. (NETL) & Siriwardane, R. (NETL). Oxidation and sulfidation resistant alloys with silicon additions, article, January 1, 2003; (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc881567/: accessed August 18, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.