Diffusion Coatings for Corrosion-Resistant Components in Coal Gasification Systems

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Heat-exchangers, particle filters, turbines, and other components in integrated coal gasification combined cycle system must withstand the highly sulfiding conditions of the hightemperature coal gas over an extended period of time. The performance of components degrades significantly with time unless expensive high alloy materials are used. Deposition of a suitable coating on a low-cost alloy may improve its resistance to such sulfidation attack, and decrease capital and operating costs. The alloys used in the gasifier service include austenitic and ferritic stainless steels, nickel-chromium-iron alloys, and expensive nickel-cobalt alloys. During this period, we analyzed several 409 low alloy steel samples after ... continued below

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Krishnan, Gopala N.; Malhotra, Ripudaman; Alvarez, Esperanza; Lau, Kai-Hung; Perez-Mariano, Jordi & Sanjurjo, Angel March 31, 2007.

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Description

Heat-exchangers, particle filters, turbines, and other components in integrated coal gasification combined cycle system must withstand the highly sulfiding conditions of the hightemperature coal gas over an extended period of time. The performance of components degrades significantly with time unless expensive high alloy materials are used. Deposition of a suitable coating on a low-cost alloy may improve its resistance to such sulfidation attack, and decrease capital and operating costs. The alloys used in the gasifier service include austenitic and ferritic stainless steels, nickel-chromium-iron alloys, and expensive nickel-cobalt alloys. During this period, we analyzed several 409 low alloy steel samples after coating them in our fluidized bed reactor and also after exposing them to our corrosion test. We report the following findings: 1. A protective coating was deposited inside a porous 409 steel sample to protect it from sulfidation attack. The coating was based on a combination of Si diffusion layer, Nb interlayer and nitrides of titanium and silicon. 2. Analysis of solid coupons exposed to simulated coal gas at 900 C for 300 h showed that multilayer metal/ceramic coatings provide a better protection than ceramic coatings. 3. Deposition of several ceramic/metal multilayer coatings showed that coatings with niobium and tantalum interlayers have good adhesion. However, coatings with a tungsten interlayer suffered localized delaminating and coatings with Zr interlayers showed poor adhesion. 4. Analysis of solid coupons, coated with the above-mentioned multilayer films, after exposure to simulated coal gas at 900 C for 300 h showed that niobium is the best candidate for interlayer material.

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  • Report No.: None
  • Grant Number: FC26-03NT41616
  • DOI: 10.2172/909178 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 909178
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc881428

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  • March 31, 2007

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Sept. 22, 2016, 2:13 a.m.

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  • May 8, 2018, 1:33 p.m.

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Krishnan, Gopala N.; Malhotra, Ripudaman; Alvarez, Esperanza; Lau, Kai-Hung; Perez-Mariano, Jordi & Sanjurjo, Angel. Diffusion Coatings for Corrosion-Resistant Components in Coal Gasification Systems, report, March 31, 2007; Menlo Park, California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc881428/: accessed October 16, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.