QCD: results from lattice quantum chromodynamics

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Quantum chromodynamics (QCD) is the modern theory of the strong force. In this theory, the main objects are quarks and gluons, which are bound by the strong force into protons, neutrons, and other particles called hadrons. In the framework of QCD, the strong nuclear force binding protons and neutrons together into nuclei is actually only a residue of the much stronger forces acting between quarks and gluons. In fact, inside the proton, even the concept of force is not very useful. Within all hadrons they have a swirl of gluons being exchanged back and forth as a manifestation of the ... continued below

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3 pages

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Kronfeld, Andreas S. October 1, 2006.

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Description

Quantum chromodynamics (QCD) is the modern theory of the strong force. In this theory, the main objects are quarks and gluons, which are bound by the strong force into protons, neutrons, and other particles called hadrons. In the framework of QCD, the strong nuclear force binding protons and neutrons together into nuclei is actually only a residue of the much stronger forces acting between quarks and gluons. In fact, inside the proton, even the concept of force is not very useful. Within all hadrons they have a swirl of gluons being exchanged back and forth as a manifestation of the strong force. To make matters worse, gluons can split into two, and then rejoin, or they can split into a quark-antiquark pair. Even the simplest hadron is a complex system hosting constantly interacting components. Despite this complexity, QCD is well established experimentally. This is because at short distances (or high energies), the coupling between the particles is effectively small and particles move around with relative freedom. This is called asymptotic freedom and QCD is amenable to the traditional methods of quantum field theory in this regime. High-energy experiments have tested and confirmed QCD in this realm, which led to the 2004 Nobel Prize in Physics for Drs. David Gross, David Politzer, and Frank Wilczek, the theorists who provided the theory for short-range QCD and asymptotic freedom.

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3 pages

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  • Report No.: FERMILAB-FN-0791-T
  • Grant Number: AC02-07CH11359
  • DOI: 10.2172/897018 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 897018
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc881246

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

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  • October 1, 2006

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Sept. 22, 2016, 2:13 a.m.

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  • Sept. 25, 2017, 8:42 p.m.

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Kronfeld, Andreas S. QCD: results from lattice quantum chromodynamics, report, October 1, 2006; Batavia, Illinois. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc881246/: accessed August 22, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.