Evaluation of sulfur-doped aluminum-substituted manganese oxidespinels for lithium ion battery applications

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Spinels with nominal composition Li{sub 1.02}Al{sub 0.25}Mn{sub 1.75}O{sub 3.97}S{sub 0.03}, Li{sub 1.02}Al{sub 0.25}Mn{sub 1.75}O{sub 4} and Li{sub 1.02}Al{sub 0.15}Mn{sub 1.85}O{sub 3.96}S{sub 0.04} have been evaluated for their suitability as positive electrode materials in rechargeable lithium ion batteries for electric (EV) and hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) applications. {sup 7}Li magic angle spinning (MAS) NMR, XRD, and EDS experiments indicate that sulfur is most likely present as a trace impurity on the surface of the spinel particles rather than substituting for oxygen ions in the bulk, so it is unlikely to account for the previously reported enhanced cyclability of this material. Rather, ... continued below

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Doeff, Marca M.; Hollingsworth, Joel; Shim, Joongpyo; Lee, YoungJoo; Striebel, Kathryn; Reimer, Jeffrey et al. September 10, 2002.

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Spinels with nominal composition Li{sub 1.02}Al{sub 0.25}Mn{sub 1.75}O{sub 3.97}S{sub 0.03}, Li{sub 1.02}Al{sub 0.25}Mn{sub 1.75}O{sub 4} and Li{sub 1.02}Al{sub 0.15}Mn{sub 1.85}O{sub 3.96}S{sub 0.04} have been evaluated for their suitability as positive electrode materials in rechargeable lithium ion batteries for electric (EV) and hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) applications. {sup 7}Li magic angle spinning (MAS) NMR, XRD, and EDS experiments indicate that sulfur is most likely present as a trace impurity on the surface of the spinel particles rather than substituting for oxygen ions in the bulk, so it is unlikely to account for the previously reported enhanced cyclability of this material. Rather, the unusual particle morphology produced during calcination of some samples in the presence of sulfur compounds appears to impede (but does not completely prevent) conversion to the tetragonal phase that occurs at 3V vs. Li, and ameliorates the capacity fading associated with it. These materials exhibit reduced rate capability and capacity at 4 V, making them unsuitable for high energy density (EV) or high power density applications (HEV).

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  • Journal Name: Journal of the Electrochemical Society; Journal Volume: 150; Related Information: Journal Publication Date: 08/2003

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  • Report No.: LBNL--51462
  • Grant Number: DE-AC02-05CH11231
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 917799
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc881135

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  • September 10, 2002

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  • Sept. 22, 2016, 2:13 a.m.

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  • Sept. 29, 2016, 2:35 p.m.

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Doeff, Marca M.; Hollingsworth, Joel; Shim, Joongpyo; Lee, YoungJoo; Striebel, Kathryn; Reimer, Jeffrey et al. Evaluation of sulfur-doped aluminum-substituted manganese oxidespinels for lithium ion battery applications, article, September 10, 2002; Berkeley, California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc881135/: accessed August 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.