ORGANIC COMPOUNDS IN FISSION REACTORS. II. THORIO-ORGANIC COMPOUNDS

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The advantages of the use of organic liquids in fission reactors to minmize corrosion and pressure problems were studied relative to the solution of thorium in such fluids. Thorio-organic compounds were prepared from organic acids, diketones, and other chelating compounds. Salts of carboxylic and phospho- organic acids were insoluble. The chelate with dibenzoylmethane was soluble in molten biphenyl but was decomposed at 300 deg C. The general low solubility of thorio-organic compounds in nonpolar solvents can be explained by steric effects. The large thorium atom has the ability to form strong coordination complexes with adjacent molecules, leading to coordination polymers. ... continued below

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Pages: 5

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Baldwin, W.H. February 29, 1960.

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The advantages of the use of organic liquids in fission reactors to minmize corrosion and pressure problems were studied relative to the solution of thorium in such fluids. Thorio-organic compounds were prepared from organic acids, diketones, and other chelating compounds. Salts of carboxylic and phospho- organic acids were insoluble. The chelate with dibenzoylmethane was soluble in molten biphenyl but was decomposed at 300 deg C. The general low solubility of thorio-organic compounds in nonpolar solvents can be explained by steric effects. The large thorium atom has the ability to form strong coordination complexes with adjacent molecules, leading to coordination polymers. The effect can be minimized by shielding the thorium nucleus with large organic groups such as dibenzoylmethane. The large, branched organic groups needed to impart solubility limit the maximum solubility. (auth)

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Pages: 5

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  • Other Information: Orig. Receipt Date: 31-DEC-60

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  • Report No.: ORNL-2864
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-26
  • DOI: 10.2172/4191196 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 4191196
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc880722

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  • February 29, 1960

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  • Sept. 21, 2016, 2:29 a.m.

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  • Nov. 3, 2016, 6:16 p.m.

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Baldwin, W.H. ORGANIC COMPOUNDS IN FISSION REACTORS. II. THORIO-ORGANIC COMPOUNDS, report, February 29, 1960; Tennessee. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc880722/: accessed August 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.