Sustainable Harvest for Food and Fuel

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The DOE Biomass Program recently implemented the Biofuels Initiative, or 30x30 program, with the dual goal of reducing U.S. dependence on foreign oil by making cellulosic ethanol cost competitive with gasoline by 2012 and by replacing 30 percent of gasoline consumption with biofuels by 2030. Experience to date with increasing ethanol production suggests that it distorts agricultural markets and therefore raises concerns about the sustainability of the DOE 30 X 30 effort: Can the U.S. agricultural system produce sufficient feedstocks for biofuel production and meet the food price and availability expectations of American consumers without causing environmental degradation that would ... continued below

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Grosshans, Raymond R.; Kostelnik, Kevin, M. & Jacobson, Jacob J. April 1, 2007.

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The DOE Biomass Program recently implemented the Biofuels Initiative, or 30x30 program, with the dual goal of reducing U.S. dependence on foreign oil by making cellulosic ethanol cost competitive with gasoline by 2012 and by replacing 30 percent of gasoline consumption with biofuels by 2030. Experience to date with increasing ethanol production suggests that it distorts agricultural markets and therefore raises concerns about the sustainability of the DOE 30 X 30 effort: Can the U.S. agricultural system produce sufficient feedstocks for biofuel production and meet the food price and availability expectations of American consumers without causing environmental degradation that would curtail the production of both food and fuel? Efforts are underway to develop computer-based modeling tools that address this concern and support the DOE 30 X 30 goals. Beyond technical agronomic and economic concerns, however, such models must account for the publics’ growing interest in sustainable agriculture and in the mitigation of predicted global climate change. This paper discusses ongoing work at the Center for Advanced Energy Studies that investigates the potential consequences and long-term sustainability of projected biomass harvests by identifying and incorporating “sustainable harvest indicators” in a computer modeling strategy.

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  • Idaho Academy of Science 49th Annual Meeting and Symposium,Idaho Falls, Idaho,04/19/2007,04/21/2007

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  • Report No.: INL/CON-07-12655
  • Grant Number: DE-AC07-99ID-13727
  • DOI: 10.2172/915529 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 912902
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc880185

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) is the Department of Energy (DOE) office that collects, preserves, and disseminates DOE-sponsored research and development (R&D) results that are the outcomes of R&D projects or other funded activities at DOE labs and facilities nationwide and grantees at universities and other institutions.

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  • April 1, 2007

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  • Sept. 22, 2016, 2:13 a.m.

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  • Dec. 15, 2016, 3:03 p.m.

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Grosshans, Raymond R.; Kostelnik, Kevin, M. & Jacobson, Jacob J. Sustainable Harvest for Food and Fuel, article, April 1, 2007; [Idaho Falls, Idaho]. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc880185/: accessed October 18, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.