Uranium Reduction by Clostridia

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The FRC groundwater and sediment contain significant concentrations of U and Tc and are dominated by low pH, and high nitrate and Al concentrations where dissimilatory metal reducing bacterial activity may be limited. The presence of Clostridia in Area 3 at the FRC site has been confirmed and their ability to reduce uranium under site conditions will be determined. Although the phenomenon of uranium reduction by Clostridia has been firmly established, the molecular mechanisms underlying such a reaction are not very clear. The authors are exploring the hypothesis that U(VI) reduction occurs through hydrogenases and other enzymes (Matin and Francis). ... continued below

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Francis, A.J.; Dodge, Cleveland J. & Gillow, Jeffrey B. April 5, 2006.

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Description

The FRC groundwater and sediment contain significant concentrations of U and Tc and are dominated by low pH, and high nitrate and Al concentrations where dissimilatory metal reducing bacterial activity may be limited. The presence of Clostridia in Area 3 at the FRC site has been confirmed and their ability to reduce uranium under site conditions will be determined. Although the phenomenon of uranium reduction by Clostridia has been firmly established, the molecular mechanisms underlying such a reaction are not very clear. The authors are exploring the hypothesis that U(VI) reduction occurs through hydrogenases and other enzymes (Matin and Francis). Fundamental knowledge of metal reduction using Clostridia will allow us to exploit naturally occurring processes to attenuate radionuclide and metal contaminants in situ in the subsurface. The outline for this report are as follows: (1) Growth of Clostridium sp. under normal culture conditions; (2) Fate of metals and radionuclides in the presence of Clostridia; (3) Bioreduction of uranium associated with nitrate, citrate, and lepidocrocite; and (4) Utilization of Clostridium sp. for immobilization of uranium at the FRC Area 3 site.

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  • Annual Environmental Remediation Sciences Program PI Meeting, April 3-5, 2006, Warrenton, VA

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  • Report No.: CONF-ERSP2006-16
  • Grant Number: None
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 894363
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc880148

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  • April 5, 2006

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  • Sept. 22, 2016, 2:13 a.m.

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  • Nov. 4, 2016, 4:20 p.m.

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Francis, A.J.; Dodge, Cleveland J. & Gillow, Jeffrey B. Uranium Reduction by Clostridia, article, April 5, 2006; Upton, New York. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc880148/: accessed August 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.