Design and Evaluation of Ionic Liquids as Novel CO2 Absorbents Metadata

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Title

  • Main Title Design and Evaluation of Ionic Liquids as Novel CO2 Absorbents

Creator

  • Author: Maginn, Edward J.
    Creator Type: Personal

Contributor

  • Sponsor: United States. Department of Energy.
    Contributor Type: Organization

Publisher

  • Name: University of Notre Dame
    Place of Publication: United States

Date

  • Creation: 2006-09-30

Language

  • English

Description

  • Content Description: Progress from the third quarter 2006 activity on the project ''Design and Evaluation of Ionic Liquids as Novel CO{sub 2} Absorbents'' is provided. Major activities in two areas are reported: property measurement and molecular modeling. We have measured CO{sub 2} solubility in an ammonium lactate ionic liquid. Previous work has shown that the lactate anion enables chemical complexation to occur. We hypothesized that the lactate anion would not be as effective in complexing when paired with an ammonium cation as compared to when it is paired with an imidazolium cation. The results confirm this. We also measured CO{sub 2} solubility in a functionalized ionic liquid containing an amine group. These so-called task specific ionic liquids (TSILs) are expected to have dramatically higher CO{sub 2} solubility than physical absorbents. We report isotherms as well as entropies and enthalpies of absorption for CO{sub 2} in one TSIL. CO{sub 2} solubilities are higher in this compound than in any previous IL we have observed. Finally, we also developed a new simulation method that will enable us to compute full isotherms of gases in ionic liquids. So far, we have tested the method against model systems and found it to be highly effective.

Subject

  • Keyword: Amines
  • Keyword: Carbon Dioxide
  • Keyword: Lactates
  • Keyword: Molecular Models
  • Keyword: Solubility
  • STI Subject Categories: 54 Environmental Sciences
  • Keyword: Adsorption Isotherms
  • Keyword: Absorbents
  • Keyword: Liquids
  • Keyword: Thermodynamic Properties
  • Keyword: Ammonium Compounds

Collection

  • Name: Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports
    Code: OSTI

Institution

  • Name: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
    Code: UNTGD

Resource Type

  • Report

Format

  • Text

Identifier

  • Report No.: None
  • Grant Number: FG26-04NT42122
  • DOI: 10.2172/895858
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 895858
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc878716