Intelligent Signal Processing for Detection System Optimization

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A wavelet-neural network signal processing method has demonstrated approximately tenfold improvement over traditional signal-processing methods for the detection limit of various nitrogen and phosphorus compounds from the output of a thermionic detector attached to a gas chromatograph. A blind test was conducted to validate the lower detection limit. All fourteen of the compound spikes were detected when above the estimated threshold, including all three within a factor of two above the threshold. In addition, two of six spikes were detected at levels of 1/2 the concentration of the nominal threshold. Another two of the six would have been detected correctly ... continued below

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Fu, C. Y.; Petrich, L. I.; Daley, P. F. & Burnham, A. K. December 5, 2004.

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Description

A wavelet-neural network signal processing method has demonstrated approximately tenfold improvement over traditional signal-processing methods for the detection limit of various nitrogen and phosphorus compounds from the output of a thermionic detector attached to a gas chromatograph. A blind test was conducted to validate the lower detection limit. All fourteen of the compound spikes were detected when above the estimated threshold, including all three within a factor of two above the threshold. In addition, two of six spikes were detected at levels of 1/2 the concentration of the nominal threshold. Another two of the six would have been detected correctly if we had allowed human intervention to examine the processed data. One apparent false positive in five nulls was traced to a solvent impurity, whose presence was subsequently identified by analyzing a solvent aliquot evaporated to 1% residual volume, while the other four nulls were properly classified. We view this signal processing method as broadly applicable in analytical chemistry, and we advocate that advanced signal processing methods should be applied as directly as possible to the raw detector output so that less discriminating preprocessing and post-processing does not throw away valuable signal.

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PDF-file: 32 pages; size: 0.3 Mbytes

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  • Journal Name: Analytical Chemistry; Journal Volume: 77; Journal Issue: 13

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  • Report No.: UCRL-JRNL-204838-REV-1
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-48
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 875665
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc878385

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

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  • December 5, 2004

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Sept. 21, 2016, 2:29 a.m.

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  • Dec. 5, 2016, 9:26 p.m.

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Fu, C. Y.; Petrich, L. I.; Daley, P. F. & Burnham, A. K. Intelligent Signal Processing for Detection System Optimization, article, December 5, 2004; Livermore, California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc878385/: accessed December 13, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.