Energy and economic considerations for ex-situ and aqueous mineral carbonation

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Due to the scale and breadth of carbon dioxide emissions, and speculation regarding their impact on global climate, sequestration of some portion of these emissions has been under increased study. A practical approach to carbon sequestration will likely include several options, which will be driven largely by the energy demand and economics of operation. Aqueous mineral carbonation of calcium and magnesium silicate minerals has been studied as one potential method to sequester carbon dioxide. Although these carbonation reactions are all thermodynamically favored, they occur at geologic rates of reaction. Laboratory studies have demonstrated that these rates of reaction are accelerated ... continued below

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O'Connor, William K.; Dahlin, David C.; Rush, G.E.; Gerdemann, Stephen J. & Penner, L.R. January 1, 2004.

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Due to the scale and breadth of carbon dioxide emissions, and speculation regarding their impact on global climate, sequestration of some portion of these emissions has been under increased study. A practical approach to carbon sequestration will likely include several options, which will be driven largely by the energy demand and economics of operation. Aqueous mineral carbonation of calcium and magnesium silicate minerals has been studied as one potential method to sequester carbon dioxide. Although these carbonation reactions are all thermodynamically favored, they occur at geologic rates of reaction. Laboratory studies have demonstrated that these rates of reaction are accelerated with increasing temperature, pressure, and particle surface area. Mineral-specific activation methods were identified, however, each of these techniques incurs energy as well as economic costs. An overview of the mineral availability, pretreatment options and energy demands, and process economics is provided.

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  • 29th International Technical Conference on Coal Utilization & Fuel Systems, April 18-22, 2004, Clearwater, Florida

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  • Report No.: DOE/ARC-2004-028
  • Grant Number: None
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 895352
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc878340

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

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  • January 1, 2004

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  • Sept. 22, 2016, 2:13 a.m.

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  • Nov. 4, 2016, 1:50 p.m.

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O'Connor, William K.; Dahlin, David C.; Rush, G.E.; Gerdemann, Stephen J. & Penner, L.R. Energy and economic considerations for ex-situ and aqueous mineral carbonation, article, January 1, 2004; (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc878340/: accessed December 17, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.