An Application of the Coda Methodology for Moment-Rate Spectra Using Broadband Stations in Turkey

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A recently developed coda magnitude methodology was applied to selected broadband stations in Turkey for the purpose of testing the coda method in a large, laterally complex region. As found in other, albeit smaller regions, coda envelope amplitude measurements are significantly less variable than distance-corrected direct wave measurements (i.e., L{sub g} and surface waves) by roughly a factor 3-to-4. Despite strong lateral crustal heterogeneity in Turkey, we found that the region could be adequately modeled assuming a simple 1-D, radially symmetric path correction for 10 narrow frequency bands ranging between 0.02 to 2.0 Hz. For higher frequencies however, 2-D path ... continued below

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Eken, T; Mayeda, K; Hofstetter, A; Gok, R; Orgulu, G & Turkelli, N February 3, 2004.

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A recently developed coda magnitude methodology was applied to selected broadband stations in Turkey for the purpose of testing the coda method in a large, laterally complex region. As found in other, albeit smaller regions, coda envelope amplitude measurements are significantly less variable than distance-corrected direct wave measurements (i.e., L{sub g} and surface waves) by roughly a factor 3-to-4. Despite strong lateral crustal heterogeneity in Turkey, we found that the region could be adequately modeled assuming a simple 1-D, radially symmetric path correction for 10 narrow frequency bands ranging between 0.02 to 2.0 Hz. For higher frequencies however, 2-D path corrections will be necessary and will be the subject of a future study. After calibrating the stations ISP, ISKB, and MALT for local and regional distances, single-station moment-magnitude estimates (M{sub w}) derived from the coda spectra were in excellent agreement with those determined from multi-station waveform modeling inversions of long-period data, exhibiting a data standard deviation of 0.17. Though the calibration was validated using large events, the results of the calibration will extend M{sub w} estimates to significantly smaller events which could not otherwise be waveform modeled due to poor signal-to-noise ratio at long periods and sparse station coverage. The successful application of the method is remarkable considering the significant lateral complexity in Turkey and the simple assumptions used in the coda method.

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PDF-file: 16 pages; size: 0.6 Mbytes

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  • Journal Name: Geophysical Research Letters; Journal Volume: 31; Journal Issue: 11

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  • Report No.: UCRL-JRNL-202197
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-48
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 875358
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc878241

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  • February 3, 2004

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  • Sept. 21, 2016, 2:29 a.m.

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  • Dec. 2, 2016, 8:17 p.m.

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Eken, T; Mayeda, K; Hofstetter, A; Gok, R; Orgulu, G & Turkelli, N. An Application of the Coda Methodology for Moment-Rate Spectra Using Broadband Stations in Turkey, article, February 3, 2004; Livermore, California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc878241/: accessed October 18, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.