FABRICATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF BOROSILICATE GLASSES CONTAINING ALPHA-RADIONUCLIDES AND SILVER FROM CONVERSION AND MIXED-OXIDE FACILITIES PROPOSED FOR RUSSIA

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Liquid and solid radioactive wastes are formed during conversion of plutonium metal to oxide and during fabrication of weapons-grade plutonium into mixed-oxide (MOX) fuel. In Russia, these wastes are to be processed for disposition by immobilization in either borosilicate glass or cement matrices depending upon the waste stream-specific radionuclide contents. Vitrification is planned for the liquid high-level waste raffinate stream containing the bulk of the Am-241 produced from Pu-241 decay. Previous work on the Russian MOX Fuel Fabrication Facility (R-MFFF) by the Public Joint Stock Corporation (TVEL) [1] showed that this waste stream may contain significant amounts of silver derived ... continued below

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Aloy, A; Trofimenko, V; Uspensky, A & Jardine, L October 25, 2005.

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Liquid and solid radioactive wastes are formed during conversion of plutonium metal to oxide and during fabrication of weapons-grade plutonium into mixed-oxide (MOX) fuel. In Russia, these wastes are to be processed for disposition by immobilization in either borosilicate glass or cement matrices depending upon the waste stream-specific radionuclide contents. Vitrification is planned for the liquid high-level waste raffinate stream containing the bulk of the Am-241 produced from Pu-241 decay. Previous work on the Russian MOX Fuel Fabrication Facility (R-MFFF) by the Public Joint Stock Corporation (TVEL) [1] showed that this waste stream may contain significant amounts of silver derived from the electrochemical dissolution of PuO2 using a Ag(II) catalyst. The work reported here further investigated silver solubility limits, which, if exceeded in a production glass melter, allow discrete silver grains to form in the glass and also deposit over time on the bottom of a joule-heated ceramic melter. In melters with immersed electrodes, such as the Russian EP-100 for phosphate glasses or the US Duratek DP-100 type melters for borosilicate glasses that are being considered for use at the Siberian Chemical Combine (SCC) Tomsk site, the undissolved silver could cause a short circuit and an unacceptable production melter failure. The silver solubility limit of 3.85 wt% Ag{sub 2}O in liquid, alpha-bearing wastes determined in this work will guide the production scale use of borosilicate glass compositions, and effectively increase the capacity of the ceramic melters and reduce the total volume of solidified vitrified wastes at SCC Tomsk that require storage prior to geologic disposal.

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PDF-file: 16 pages; size: 1 Mbytes

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  • Presented at: Waste Management 2006, Tucson, AZ, United States, Feb 26 - Mar 02, 2006

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  • Report No.: UCRL-CONF-215166
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-48
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 877938
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc878172

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  • October 25, 2005

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  • Sept. 21, 2016, 2:29 a.m.

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  • Nov. 28, 2016, 2:36 p.m.

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Aloy, A; Trofimenko, V; Uspensky, A & Jardine, L. FABRICATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF BOROSILICATE GLASSES CONTAINING ALPHA-RADIONUCLIDES AND SILVER FROM CONVERSION AND MIXED-OXIDE FACILITIES PROPOSED FOR RUSSIA, article, October 25, 2005; Livermore, California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc878172/: accessed October 17, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.