Atmospheric profiles at the southern Pierre Auger Observatory and their relevance to air shower measurement

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The dependence of atmospheric conditions on altitude and time have to be known at the site of an air shower experiment for accurate reconstruction of extensive air showers and their simulations. The height-profile of atmospheric depth is of particular interest as it enters directly into the reconstruction of longitudinal shower development and of the primary energy and mass of cosmic rays. For the southern part of the Auger Observatory, the atmosphere has been investigated in a number of campaigns with meteorological radio soundings and with continuous measurements of ground-based weather stations. Focusing on atmospheric depth and temperature profiles, temporal variations ... continued below

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Keilhauer, B.; Bluemer, J.; Engel, R.; Gora, D.; Homola, P.; Klages, H. et al. July 1, 2005.

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The dependence of atmospheric conditions on altitude and time have to be known at the site of an air shower experiment for accurate reconstruction of extensive air showers and their simulations. The height-profile of atmospheric depth is of particular interest as it enters directly into the reconstruction of longitudinal shower development and of the primary energy and mass of cosmic rays. For the southern part of the Auger Observatory, the atmosphere has been investigated in a number of campaigns with meteorological radio soundings and with continuous measurements of ground-based weather stations. Focusing on atmospheric depth and temperature profiles, temporal variations are described and monthly profiles are developed. Uncertainties of the monthly atmospheres that are currently applied in the Auger reconstruction are discussed.

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  • To appear in the proceedings of 29th International Cosmic Ray Conference (ICRC 2005), Pune, India, 3-11 Aug 2005

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  • Report No.: FERMILAB-CONF-05-292-E-TD
  • Grant Number: AC02-76CH03000
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 878973
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc877985

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  • July 1, 2005

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  • Sept. 21, 2016, 2:29 a.m.

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  • Nov. 22, 2016, 8:09 p.m.

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Keilhauer, B.; Bluemer, J.; Engel, R.; Gora, D.; Homola, P.; Klages, H. et al. Atmospheric profiles at the southern Pierre Auger Observatory and their relevance to air shower measurement, article, July 1, 2005; Batavia, Illinois. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc877985/: accessed September 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.