Spin-Resolved Electronic Structure Studies of Non-Magnetic Systems: Possible Observation of the Fano Effect in Polycrystal Ce

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The valence electronic structure and electron spectra of Cerium remain a subject of uncertainty and controversy. Perhaps the best and most direct method of ascertaining the valence electronic structure is the application of electron spectroscopies [1-17], e.g. photoelectron spectroscopy for the occupied states [1-10, 12-14] and x-ray absorption [2] and Bremstrahlung Isochromat Spectroscopy (inverse photoelectron spectroscopy) [3,11,13] for the unoccupied states. Much of the controversy revolves around the interpretation of the Ce photoemission structure in terms of a modified Anderson Impurity Model [15,16]. Here, in this correlated and multi-electronic picture, semi-isolated 4f states (at a nominal binding energy of 1 ... continued below

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Tobin, J; Morton, S; Chung, B; Yu, S & Waddill, G June 1, 2005.

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The valence electronic structure and electron spectra of Cerium remain a subject of uncertainty and controversy. Perhaps the best and most direct method of ascertaining the valence electronic structure is the application of electron spectroscopies [1-17], e.g. photoelectron spectroscopy for the occupied states [1-10, 12-14] and x-ray absorption [2] and Bremstrahlung Isochromat Spectroscopy (inverse photoelectron spectroscopy) [3,11,13] for the unoccupied states. Much of the controversy revolves around the interpretation of the Ce photoemission structure in terms of a modified Anderson Impurity Model [15,16]. Here, in this correlated and multi-electronic picture, semi-isolated 4f states (at a nominal binding energy of 1 eV) are in contact with the bath of spd valence electrons, generating spectral features at the Fermi Level and at a binding energy corresponding to the depth of the bath electron well, about 2 eV below the Fermi Level in the case of Ce. This controversy has spilled over into issues such as the volume collapse associated with the alpha to gamma phase transition [17-19] and the electronic structure of Ce compounds [20-23]. (A more generalized schematic illustrating the competition between the bandwidth (W) and correlation strength (U) is shown in Figure 1.) Considering the remaining uncertainty associated with the spectral features and valence electronic structure of Ce, it seemed plausible that the situation would benefit from the application of a spectroscopy with increased resolution and probing power. To this end, we have applied circularly polarized soft x-rays and true spin detection, in a modified form of the photoelectron spectroscopy experiment, to the enigmatic Ce system. The result of this is that we have observed the first evidence of the Fano Effect in the valence electronic features of non-magnetic Cerium ultra-thin films.

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6 p. (0.4 MB)

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PDF-file: 6 pages; size: 0.4 Mbytes

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  • Presented at: The International Conference on Strongly Correlated Electron Systems, Vienna, Austria, Jun 20 - Jun 30, 2005

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  • Report No.: UCRL-CONF-212742
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-48
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 877838
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc877331

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  • June 1, 2005

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  • Sept. 21, 2016, 2:29 a.m.

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  • April 17, 2017, 12:21 p.m.

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Tobin, J; Morton, S; Chung, B; Yu, S & Waddill, G. Spin-Resolved Electronic Structure Studies of Non-Magnetic Systems: Possible Observation of the Fano Effect in Polycrystal Ce, article, June 1, 2005; Livermore, California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc877331/: accessed May 22, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.