Summary of US-Japan Exchange 2004 New Directions and Physics for Compact Toroids

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This exchange workshop was an open meeting coordinated by the P-24 Plasma Physics Group at Los Alamos National Laboratory. We brought together scientists from institutions in the US and Japan who are researching the various and complementary types of Compact Toroids (CT). Many concepts, including both experimental and theoretical investigations, are represented. The range spans Field Reversed Configuration (FRC), spheromak, Reversed Field Pinch (RFP), spherical tokamaks, linear devices dedicated to fundamental physics studies, and hybrid transitions that bridge multiple configurations. The participants represent facilities on which significant experiments are now underway: FRC Injection experiment (FIX), Translation Confinement experiment (TCS), Nihon-University ... continued below

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Intrator, T; Nagata, M; Hoffman, A; Guo, H; Steinhauer, L; Ryutov, D et al. August 15, 2005.

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This exchange workshop was an open meeting coordinated by the P-24 Plasma Physics Group at Los Alamos National Laboratory. We brought together scientists from institutions in the US and Japan who are researching the various and complementary types of Compact Toroids (CT). Many concepts, including both experimental and theoretical investigations, are represented. The range spans Field Reversed Configuration (FRC), spheromak, Reversed Field Pinch (RFP), spherical tokamaks, linear devices dedicated to fundamental physics studies, and hybrid transitions that bridge multiple configurations. The participants represent facilities on which significant experiments are now underway: FRC Injection experiment (FIX), Translation Confinement experiment (TCS), Nihon-University Compact Torus Experiment (NUCTE), HITSI (Helicity Injection experiment, Steady Inductive Helicity Injection (HIT-SIHI)), Field Reversed Configuration experiment-Liner (FRX-L), TS-3/4, Sustained Spheromak Experiment (SSPX), Relaxation Scaling Experiment (RSX), HIST, Caltech Spheromak, or in the design process such as MRX-FRC (PPPL), Pulsed High Density experiment (PHD at UW). Several new directions and results in compact toroid (CT) research have recently emerged, including neutral-beam injection, rotating magnetic fields, flux build up from Ohmic boost coils, electrostatic helicity injection techniques, CT injection into other large devices, and high density configurations for applications to magnetized target fusion and translational compression of CT's. CT experimental programs in both the US and Japan have also shown substantial progress in the control and sustainment of CT's. Both in theory and experiment, there is increased emphasis on 3D dynamics, which is also related to astrophysical and space physics issues. 3D data visualization is now frequently used for experimental data display. There was much discussion of the effects of weak toroidal fields in FRC's and possible implications for transport and relaxation. A variety of key themes surrounding the physics of CT's were found to recur during this conference. These included questions and answers touching upon magnetic flux build up in CT's, generalized relaxation processes that extend beyond the Taylor picture, the importance of plasma flows, toroidal magnetic fields in FRC's, and CT power plant considerations. This document briefly outlines the tenor of these discussions.

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PDF-file: 12 pages; size: 76.6 Kbytes

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  • Journal Name: Journal of Fusion Energy; Journal Volume: 23

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  • Report No.: UCRL-JRNL-214644
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-48
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 883586
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc876953

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  • August 15, 2005

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  • Sept. 21, 2016, 2:29 a.m.

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  • Dec. 2, 2016, 1:17 p.m.

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Intrator, T; Nagata, M; Hoffman, A; Guo, H; Steinhauer, L; Ryutov, D et al. Summary of US-Japan Exchange 2004 New Directions and Physics for Compact Toroids, article, August 15, 2005; Livermore, California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc876953/: accessed December 12, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.