Supramolecular Chemistry of Selective Anion Recognition for Anions of Environmental Relevance

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The major thrust of this project, led by the University of Kansas (Prof. Kristin Bowman-James), entails an exploration of the basic determinants of anion recognition and their application to the design, synthesis, and testing of novel sulfate extractants. A key scientific inspiration for the work comes from the need, codified in simple-to-appreciate terms by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory component of the team (viz. Dr. Bruce Moyer), for chemical entities that can help in the extractive removal of species that have low solubilities in borosilicate glass. Among such species, sulfate anion, has been identified as particularly insidious. Its presence interferes ... continued below

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Sessler, Jonathan L. September 21, 2007.

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Description

The major thrust of this project, led by the University of Kansas (Prof. Kristin Bowman-James), entails an exploration of the basic determinants of anion recognition and their application to the design, synthesis, and testing of novel sulfate extractants. A key scientific inspiration for the work comes from the need, codified in simple-to-appreciate terms by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory component of the team (viz. Dr. Bruce Moyer), for chemical entities that can help in the extractive removal of species that have low solubilities in borosilicate glass. Among such species, sulfate anion, has been identified as particularly insidious. Its presence interferes with the vitrification process, thus rendering the remediation of tank waste from, e.g., the Hanford site far more difficult and expensive. The availability of effective extractants, that would allow for the separation of separating sulfate from the major competing anions in the waste, especially nitrate, could allow for pre-vitrification removal of sulfate via liquid-liquid extraction. The efforts at The University of Texas, the subject of this report, have thus concentrated on the development of new sulfate receptors. These systems are designed to increase our basic understanding of anion recognition events and set the stage for the development of viable sulfate anion extractants. In conjunction with the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) members of the research team, several of these new receptors were studied as putative extractants, with two of the systems being shown to act as promising synergists for anion exchange.

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  • Report No.: DOE/FG/74019-1
  • Grant Number: FG02-04ER63741
  • DOI: 10.2172/891664 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 891664
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc876840

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Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

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  • September 21, 2007

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Sept. 21, 2016, 2:29 a.m.

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  • Jan. 9, 2018, 10:21 a.m.

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Sessler, Jonathan L. Supramolecular Chemistry of Selective Anion Recognition for Anions of Environmental Relevance, report, September 21, 2007; Austin, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc876840/: accessed October 15, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.