Corrosion Enhanced Enrichment of Sulfur and Implications for Alloy 22

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The uniform corrosion rate of Alloy 22 will define the lifetime of a component such as a waste container if all other degradation modes are not operative. This represents the best-case scenario because the experimentally determined uniform corrosion rates from multi-year tests is 0.01 {micro}m/yr or 0.1 mm in 10,000 years. This lifetime depends on the stability of the passive film over the lifetime of the container; however, this stability is unknown. One potential breakdown mechanism is corrosion-enhanced enrichment of sulfur to the surface leading to sulfur induced breakdown of the passive film. There are numerous studies that confirm that ... continued below

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PDF-file: 20 pages; size: 0.5 Mbytes

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Jones, R H; Baer, D R; Windisch Jr., C F & Rebak, R B November 15, 2005.

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The uniform corrosion rate of Alloy 22 will define the lifetime of a component such as a waste container if all other degradation modes are not operative. This represents the best-case scenario because the experimentally determined uniform corrosion rates from multi-year tests is 0.01 {micro}m/yr or 0.1 mm in 10,000 years. This lifetime depends on the stability of the passive film over the lifetime of the container; however, this stability is unknown. One potential breakdown mechanism is corrosion-enhanced enrichment of sulfur to the surface leading to sulfur induced breakdown of the passive film. There are numerous studies that confirm that sulfur causes passive film breakdown in nickel based alloys and evidence exists for corrosion enhanced enrichment of sulfur in nickel and nickel alloys. However, neither sulfur enrichment nor sulfur induced breakdown of the passive film on Alloy 22 has been demonstrated. The results of preliminary studies suggest sulfur enrichment does occur at the alloy surface and that sulfur shifts the corrosion potential to more active potentials. No clear affect of sulfur was noted on the corrosion rate but the sulfur concentrations were about only 2-3% of a monolayer, well below the concentrations that are possible.

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PDF-file: 20 pages; size: 0.5 Mbytes

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  • Presented at: Corrosion/2006 Conference and Exposition, San Diego, CA, United States, Mar 12 - Mar 16, 2006

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  • Report No.: UCRL-CONF-217194
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-48
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 883541
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc876113

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  • November 15, 2005

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  • Sept. 21, 2016, 2:29 a.m.

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  • Dec. 5, 2016, 1:17 p.m.

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Jones, R H; Baer, D R; Windisch Jr., C F & Rebak, R B. Corrosion Enhanced Enrichment of Sulfur and Implications for Alloy 22, article, November 15, 2005; Livermore, California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc876113/: accessed September 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.