Cottonseed Meal for Feeding Beef Cattle Page: 4
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FARMERS. BULLETIN 655.
In 1912 a large herd of breeding cows were wintered in Mississippi
by feeding them 2 pounds of cottonseed cake per day, with all the
oat straw they would consume and what roughage they got from the
old corn and cotton fields. The cattle were wintered very econom-
ically, as they were fed but three and one-half months, and they
were in good condition when spring came. In one experiment in
Alabama 1 the cows were permitted to run in the stalk fields and
in a small canebrake all winter, and from January 23 to May 7 they
were given about 2 pounds of cottonseed cake per day. They were
in fair condition when spring came and had been wintered very
Throughout Virginia, Maryland, and parts of the corn belt the
cows may be run in the stalk fields until about November 15, when
they should be taken up and fed about 2 to 21 pounds of cottonseed
meal per day, 15 to 30 pounds of corn silage, depending upon the
amount available, and what other roughages they will eat, such as
corn stover, hay, and straw. In sections where losses have occurred
from cornstalk disease, the practice of turning cattle into the stalk
fields should not be followed. If there is no silage, a small quantity
of corn may be used with the cottonseed meal and the other farm
roughages. A pound of cottonseed meal is usually worth about 2
pounds of corn, so a farmer can readily calculate which will be the
more profitable feed.
FOR STOCKER CATTLE.
There are few combinations of feed which are more economical
than a ration of corn silage and cottonseed meal for wintering stocker
cattle. Two pounds of cottonseed meal, combined with what corn
silage stocker steers will eat, will cause them to gain slightly in
weight. The cost of wintering such cattle can usually be lessened by
permitting the steers to run in the stalk fields and giving feed at night
only. Straw and other roughages which can not be used to advan-
tage in any other way may be fed with the silage and cottonseed meal.
If it is desired to make the steers gain in weight throughout the winter,
preparatory to fattening on grass during the summer, the ration of
cottonseed meal may be increased.
The Bureau of Animal Industry, in cooperation with the Alabama
experiment station, conducted tests in wintering steers during
three winters from 1907 to 1910.2 Each year one lot of steers was
permitted to range in the old cotton and cornstalk fields and over
some waste land, while a second lot ran on similar range, but re-
ceived in addition a small ration of cottonseed meal and cottonseed
hulls. The results are given in the following table:
1 Department of Agriculture Bulletin 73.
2 See Bureau of Animal Industry Bulletin 131 and Department of Agriculture Bulletin 110.
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Ward, W. F. Cottonseed Meal for Feeding Beef Cattle, pamphlet, 1915; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc87610/m1/4/: accessed December 19, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.