Cottonseed Meal for Feeding Beef Cattle Page: 2
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FARMERS' BULLETIN 655.
ing the toxicity of cottonseed meal, it is well to feed it very sparingly
and with extreme caution to young calves.
For several years the Bureau of Animal Industry in the course of
feeding experiments has fed beef calves ranging from 7 to 10 months
of age on cottonseed meal for periods ranging from 100 to 112 days
with no ill results. These calves were fed in lots containing from 24
to 52 head each. In no single lot were less than 24 head fed, so there
should be practically no difference due to individuality of the animals.1
During 1910, 77 grade beef calves were divided into three lots and
fed for 119 days. The calves were started on 1 pound of cottonseed
meal per day, and the quantity was gradually increased until they
consumed 3.67 pounds each per day during the last month. At no
time did they receive more than 4 pounds per head per day. The
calves of all lots made good daily gains for the entire time, the gains
ranging from 1.71 to 1.83 pounds per head. The calves fattened
rapidly, and no ill results from feeding cottonseed meal were expe-
rienced, although at the end of the test two or three of the calves
showed the effects of feeding by a cloudiness of the eyes. The results
of the test are summarized in the following table:
Results of experiment in feeding 77 calves, Nov. 17, 1910, to Mar. 17, 1911 (119 days).
Lot Daily ration. Qun- wInit Toial tal Average Feed to make 100
Lot Daffy ration, dafyan
No. tity. e. gain. gain. pounds of gain.
Pounds. Pounds. Pounds. Pounds. Pounds.
Cottonseed meal.................. 2. 84 179 cottonseed meal.
1 Cottonseed hulls.................. 7.44 338 203 1.71 435 cottonseed hulls.
Mixed alfalfa hay............... 5.39 315 mixed hay meal.
Cottonseed meal, two-thirds....... 2.34 133 cottonseed meal.
2 Corn-and-cob meal, one-third...... 1.17 333 210 1.76 65 corn-andeb meal.
Cottonseed hulls.................. 7.50 425 cottonseed hulls.
Mixed alfalf hay .............. 5. 47 310 mixed hay.
Cottonseed meal, one-third........ 2. 38 130 cottonseed meal.
Corn-and-cob meal, two-thirds.... 3.87 328 218 1.83 211 corn-andcob meal.
Cottonseed hulls ................. 7.33 400 cottonseed hulls.
Mixed alfalfa hay................ 4.00 218 mixed hay.
The same year another lot of 52 calves were fed on cottonseed meal,
cottonseed hulls, and mixed cowpea hay. They were fed for 112 days,
and during that time they consumed daily 3.08 pounds of cottonseed
meal, 10.01 pounds of cottonseed hulls, and 1.5 pounds of mixed cow-
pea hay. An average daily gain of 1.24 pounds per calf was made.
The calves fattened readily, and none showed ill effects from feeding
the meal. The results are summarized as follows:
Results of experiment in feeding 52 calves, 1911.
Lot.Quan- oInitial Total veage Feed to mae 100
Lot. Daily ration. tity. ofei gainht daily
daof calve, gi. pounds of gain.
Pounds. Pounds. Pounds. Pounds. Pounds.
Cottonseed meal ................. 3.08 249 cottonseed meal.
1 Cottonseed hulls .................. 10.01 313 139 1.24 808 cottonseed hulls.
Mixed hay .................. 1.50 121 mixed hay.
1 See Bureau of Animal Industry Bulletin 147 and Department of Agriculture Bulletin 73.
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Ward, W. F. Cottonseed Meal for Feeding Beef Cattle, pamphlet, 1915; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc87610/m1/2/: accessed September 24, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.