Clusterin: an IR-inducible protein determining life and death

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The roles of ionizing radiation (IR)-inducible genes/proteins are now being elucidated and the research team will focus on the functions of the clusterin (CLU) proteins after low dose IR exposures. With funding from the DOE, we discovered that x-ray-inducible transcript/protein #8 (xip8) bound to the Ku70 DNA double strand break repair protein using various molecular biology techniques. We showed that translation of the CLU/xip8 transcript was complicated, leading to two classes of proteins separated by their intracellular processing. One set of CLU proteins (a secreted and precursor protein, sCLU and psCLU, respectively) were induced by very low doses of IR ... continued below

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Boothman, David A. July 11, 2006.

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The roles of ionizing radiation (IR)-inducible genes/proteins are now being elucidated and the research team will focus on the functions of the clusterin (CLU) proteins after low dose IR exposures. With funding from the DOE, we discovered that x-ray-inducible transcript/protein #8 (xip8) bound to the Ku70 DNA double strand break repair protein using various molecular biology techniques. We showed that translation of the CLU/xip8 transcript was complicated, leading to two classes of proteins separated by their intracellular processing. One set of CLU proteins (a secreted and precursor protein, sCLU and psCLU, respectively) were induced by very low doses of IR (>2.0 cGy) and subsequently secreted from the cell. The functions of sCLU, particularly in bystander effects, are not known; sCLU does not bind Ku70, but can interact with the TGF-ß II receptor. Another intracellular class of CLU proteins was targeted to the cytoplasm and existed in a dormant precursor nuclear form (pnCLU). After higher IR doses (>1.0 Gy), pnCLU was activated via post-translational modification, and translocated to the nucleus, where nuclear CLU (nCLU) interacted with Ku70/Ku80, and signaled cell death. The mechanism(s) of how cells die following nCLU accumulation are unknown. Recent data from our lab indicate that CLU gene transcription is also complicated. Thus far, the data suggest that: (a) p53 is a negative regulator of CLU transcription, however, the mechanisms by which it exerts this negative pressure are not known; and (b) IR induces transcription of the CLU promoter, independent of p53, at regulatory elements that lie between -1403 and -325 bps 5'-from the TATAA box. In this renewal, the research team will investigate three separate, but interrelated hypotheses: (1) p53 negatively regulates the CLU promoter via distinct head to tail p53 half sites, and induction is mediated by the combination of retinoblatoma control elements (RCEs) and NF-∫B sites; (2) sCLU is cytoprotective and accumulation of nCLU signals cell death; and (3) sCLU is cytoprotective via blockage of IR-induced TGF-ß signaling, which causes growth inhibition and cell death by apoptosis. These hypotheses will be examined in the following three Aims: Specific Aim #1: Determine the regulatory elements and transcription factors regulating CLU mRNA induction by low dose IR, and repression by the p53 tumor suppressor protein. Specific Aim #2: Determine the functions of sCLU compared to nCLU using clusterin-deficient human or mouse cell lines. Specific Aim #3: Characterize and quantitate sCLU from low dose or low dose-rate IR-exposed human cancer cells, and examine potential bystander effects of the protein.

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  • Report No.: DOE/01ER63224
  • Grant Number: FG02-01ER63224
  • DOI: 10.2172/886107 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 886107
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc875877

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  • July 11, 2006

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Sept. 21, 2016, 2:29 a.m.

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  • Jan. 18, 2018, 3:35 p.m.

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Boothman, David A. Clusterin: an IR-inducible protein determining life and death, report, July 11, 2006; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc875877/: accessed November 21, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.